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Dog Bite Laws in Spokane County

Dog Bite Laws in Spokane County

Dog Bite Laws in Spokane CountyIf you or your child have been injured by a dog and the dog bite occurred in Spokane County, the following are the dog bite laws for Spokane County. Please check the following link to city ordinances for any updates or changes to the laws: (https://www.spokanecounty.org/DocumentCenter/View/18569/Chapter_504_-Amendments-Proposed?bidId=; Chapter 5.04 Dogs and Cats)

Purpose

It is the public policy of Spokane County to secure and maintain such levels of animal control within the unincorporated areas of Spokane County, and within the incorporated areas of any municipalities under contract with Spokane County for animal control and protection services that have adopted provisions of this chapter, as will protect the general public’s health and safety and to the greatest degree practicable prevent damage to property. It is therefore the purpose of this chapter to provide a means of licensing dogs/cats, and controlling errant dog/cat behavior so that it does not become a public nuisance.

It is also the public policy of Spokane County to prevent the inhumane treatment of animals. It is also therefore the purpose of this chapter to provide for the humane use, care and treatment of animals so that cruelty to such animals is reduced or eliminated.

Definitions

“Abatement” means the termination of any violation by reasonable and lawful means determined by the animal protection officer, in order that a person or persons presumed to be the owner or keeper of an animal complies with this chapter.

“Animal” means any nonhuman mammal, bird, reptile, or amphibian.

“Animal Bite” means a seizing or clamping with the teeth or jaws of an animal so as to puncture or wound.

“Animal care and control facility” means any facility that is used to house or contain stray, homeless, abandoned, impounded, or unwanted animals; and which is owned, operated, maintained by or under contract to Spokane County and authorized to regulate the care, control, licensing, or treatment of animals.

“Animal shelter” means a facility recognized by SCRAPS that is used to whose principal business is to house or contain stray, homeless, abandoned, impounded or unwanted animals; and which is owned, operated or maintained by an incorporated public body, established humane society, animal welfare society, society for the prevention of cruelty to animals or other nonprofit organization devoted to the welfare, protection, and humane treatment of animals and is qualified under section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code. Designation as a recognized “Animal Shelter” is at the discretion of the director and must include a determination, by the Director, that the facility meets accepted standards of care for such facilities. The Director may impose any conditions, deemed appropriate to meet accepted standards of care, on a facility before designating the facility as an “Animal Shelter.” The director will maintain a list of recognized “Animal Shelters”, may review a facility designation at any time and may revoke such designation based upon a good cause finding, reduced to writing that the facility no longer meets accepted standards of care for such facilities.

“At large dog” means a dog that is physically off the premises of the owner, handler, or keeper of the dog and which is not secured by a leash that is under the control of the owner, handler, or keeper not exceeding eight (8) feet in length. Such term does not include dogs exhibited in dog shows, field trials, obedience training or trials, or the training of dogs therefore; the use of a dog under the supervision of a person to hunt, chase or tree predatory animals or game birds; the use of a dog to control or protect livestock or property, or for other agricultural activities; a dog when otherwise safely and securely confined or completely controlled within or upon any vehicle; a dog under control in a designated off-leash area; or dogs used by law enforcement agencies.

“At large cat” means a cat that is physically off the premises of the owner, handler, or keeper of the cat and which is not secured by a leash that is under the control of the owner, handler, or keeper not exceeding eight (8) feet in length. Such term does not include cats exhibited in cat shows or when otherwise safely and securely confined or completely controlled within or upon any vehicle.

“Commercial kennel” means a place where five (5) or more dogs over six (6) months of age and/or five (5) or more cats over six (6) months of age, irrespective of duration, are boarded, bred, bought, sold, exhibited or trained for compensation., but not including a pet shop, animal shelter or veterinary clinic/hospital where boarding is incidental to treatment. If more than eight (8) dogs over six (6) months of age and/or ten (10) cats over six (6) months of age are kept, then such establishment shall be deemed a “commercial kennel”, regardless of whether the owner or keeper receives compensation. Municipalities that are under contract with Spokane County for animal control and protection services and have adopted provisions of this chapter may in their codes prescribe different numbers of dogs and/or cats that make up a commercial kennel or contain different requirements for commercial kennels. Facilities owned, operated, or maintained by or under contract to Spokane County, pet shops, designated animal shelters, and veterinary clinics/hospitals where boarding is incidental to treatment are not commercial kennels.

“Computation of time”. In computing any period of time prescribed in this chapter, relating to notice, service, and appeal periods, the day of the act, event, or default from which the designated period of time begins to run shall not be included. The last day of the period shall be included, unless it is a Sunday or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Sunday or legal holiday. Delivery of any applications, correspondence, proofs of compliance, notice of appeals, fees, or other requirements must be received by SCRAPS by end of business on the last day of the prescribed time period. Legal holidays are prescribed in RCW 1.16.050. Computation of time in any matter under this chapter involving enforcement under the RCW or an appeal other than to the SCRAPS director or designee shall be determined by the applicable RCW or Court Rule.

“Dangerous dog” means any dog that (a) inflicts severe injury or multiple bites on a human being without provocation on public or private property, (b) inflicts severe injury, multiple bites, or kills an animal without provocation while the dog is off the owner’s or keeper’s property, or (c) has previously been declared potentially dangerous under this chapter or a previous version of this chapter or under a comparable ordinance in any jurisdiction within the state of Washington, or under RCW 16.08.080, and after the owner or keeper received notice of such declaration the dog engages in behavior that meets the definition of “potentially dangerous dog” in subsection (1922) of this section; provided, a declaration of dangerous dog under part (c) of this subsection cannot become a final determination under section 5.04.032 unless and until the previous declaration of potentially dangerous dog has become final under this code or a previous version of this code or under an comparable ordinance in any jurisdiction within the state of Washington, or under RCW 16.08.080. If two (2) or more dogs jointly engage in any conduct described in parts (a) or (b) of this subsection, thereby rendering proof of the individual dog that inflicted any particular injury difficult to ascertain, then regardless of the degree of participation by the individual dog(s), all such dogs shall be deemed dangerous dogs.

“Dog” means a domesticated Canis fFamiliaris, bred in a great many varieties, including wolf hybrids; to include both domesticated and feral Canis Familiaris.

“Euthanasia” means the humane destruction of an animal accomplished by a method that involves near instantaneous unconsciousness and immediate death, or by a method that causes near painless loss of consciousness and death during such loss of consciousness.

“Exhibits vicious propensities” or “vicious propensities” shall mean behavior by a dog or cat that results in the following:

  • The iInfliction of a bite, or bites, on a human being or animal, either on public or private property; or
  • Killing or severely injuring another animal while the dog or cat is off the owner’s or keeper’s property; provided, the above definition of vicious propensities shall not include those situations described in RCW 16.08.100(2) and (3).

“Fee schedule” shall mean the published “Fees”, and “Service Charges” established by the Director of SCRAPS reasonably related to providing Animal Protection and Care services authorized in this chapter. The Director is authorized to conduct periodic review and amendment of the fee schedule to ensure the fees remain consistent with the guidelines prescribed or provided by state law, and the cost of providing services.

“License year” means the renewable time that a license issued under this chapter is in effect, which time expires twelve (12) months from the month of issue.

“Microchip implant” means a passive electronic transponder that is subcutaneously injected into an animal by means of a hypodermic-type syringe device. Each microchip shall contain a unique and original number that is read by an electronic scanning device for purposes of animal identification and recovery by the animal’s owner(s). The microchip implant shall be supplied with an exterior collar-type tag for purposes of an external means of notifying others that the animal has been implanted with a microchip.

“Off-leash area” means an area described in section 5.04.045(1) in which an owner, handler, or keeper may allow or permit their dog to run at large subject to the rules and regulations in section 5.04.045(2).

“Owner, handler or keeper” as used in this chapter are interchangeable and whether it appears as “owner”, “handler”, “keeper” or any combination of the three, unless specifically identified otherwise through context, shall means any person, firm, corporation, organization or department possessing, harboring, keeping, having an interest in or having control or custody of an animal, regardless of whether the animal is licensed pursuant to the ordinance codified in this chapter.

“Pet shop” means a legally permitted establishment where animals bred and or whelped off the premises are offered for sale to the public.

“Potentially dangerous dog” means any dog that when unprovoked: (a) inflicts a bite on a human being or animal either on public or private property, or (b) in a menacing fashion or apparent attitude of attack snaps at, growls at, barks at, jumps upon, restrains, chases or approaches a human being on public or private property, or (c) in a menacing fashion or apparent attitude of attack snaps at, growls at, barks at, jumps upon, restrains, or chases another animal while the dog is off the owner’s or keeper’s property.

“Premises” means the real property, house, dwelling unit or enclosure that the owner or keeper of a dog or cat has a legal or equitable right to occupy or own. “Premises” does not extend into areas of common ownership or use in the case of easements, trailers parks, apartment complexes, private communities, etc.

“Private kennel” means a place, other than an designated animal shelter or animal care and control facility, where between five (5) to and eight (8) dogs over six (6) months of age and/or between five (5) and ten (10) cats over six (6) months of age are kept for personal or noncommercial purposes. If more than eight (8) dogs over six months of age and/or ten (10) cats over six (6) months of age are kept at a private kennel, then such establishment shall be deemed a “commercial kennel”, regardless of whether the owner or keeper receives compensation. Municipalities that are under contract with Spokane County for animal control and protection services and have adopted provisions of this chapter may in their codes prescribe different numbers of dogs and/or cats that make up a commercial private kennel or contain different requirements for private kennels. Facilities owned, operated, or maintained by or under contract to Spokane County, pet shops, designated animal shelters or veterinary clinics/hospitals where boarding is incidental to treatment are not private kennels.

“Proof of vaccination” means a currently valid health or rabies certificate issued by a licensed veterinarian.

“Proper enclosure of a dangerous dog” means, while on the owner’s or keeper’s property, a dangerous dog is securely confined indoors or in a securely enclosed and locked pen or structure, suitable to prevent the entry of young children and designed to prevent the animal from escaping. The pen or structure must have secure sides and a secure top and bottom enclosure and must also provide protection from the elements for a dog.

“Recoverable Costs” or “Recoverable Expenses” as referenced in this Chapter include but are not limited to boarding and reasonable veterinary expenses.

“Senior rate” means the special discounted rate available to any dog or cat owner sixty-five (65) years of age or older may upon request for the to obtain an annual license of one (1) spayed/neutered animal dog or cat.

“Service animal” means any dog that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of a person with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual or other mental disability. Except for the very limited exception provided under RCW 49.60.218(2), other species of animals, whether wild or domestic, or trained or untrained, are not service animals for the purpose of this definition. The works or tasks performed by a service animal must be directly related to the person’s disability. The work or tasks performed by a service animal must be directly related to the person’s individual’s disability. Examples of work or tasks include, but are not limited to, assisting individuals who are blind or have low vision with navigation and other tasks, alerting individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing to the presence of people or sounds, providing nonviolent protection or rescue work, pulling a wheelchair, assisting an individual during a seizure, alerting individuals to the presence of allergens, retrieving items such as medicine or the telephone, providing physical support and assistance with balance and stability to individuals with mobility disabilities, and helping persons with psychiatric and neurological disabilities by preventing or interrupting impulsive or destructive behaviors. The crime deterrent effects of an animal’s presence and the provision of emotional support, well-being, comfort, or companionship do not constitute work or tasks. See definition in RCW 49.60.218(3)(a). Owners or keepers of a service animal are entitled annually to one (1) pet license fee waiver upon request at the time of license issuance regardless of whether the dog is spayed/neutered or not by meeting the conditions under section 5.04.030 (8).

“Severe injury” means any physical injury that results in a broken bone, disfigurement, laceration requiring suture(s) or surgery, or multiple bites requiring medical treatment.

“Spokane County” means the unincorporated area or government of Spokane County, Washington, and the incorporated areas of municipalities under contract with Spokane County for animal control and protection services that have adopted provisions of this chapter.

“Spokane County Regional Animal Protection Service” (hereinafter referred to as “SCRAPS”) means the department established by the Spokane County Board of County Commissioners by resolution to administer and enforce the provisions of this chapter, chapter 5.12 of this code, and chapters 16.08, 16.30, 16.52 and 16.54 of the Revised Code of Washington (RCW). The department head of SCRAPS, titled as the regional animal protection director, shall be referred to hereinafter as the “director”. All references to “director” in this Chapter shall be constructed to include the director and his/her designee. An “animal protection officer” is any person designated by the director with a limited law enforcement commission and employed by SCRAPS for the purpose of administering or aiding in the enforcement of this chapter, chapter 5.12 of this code, and chapters 16.08, 16.52 and 16.54 RCW.

“Trip fee” means the response fee an owner or keeper of an animal may be charged by SCRAPS when an animal is impounded.

“Unprovoked” or “without provocation” means that a dog is not “provoked”. A dog is provoked if the dog at the time of the incident was being tormented, physically abused or injured, or was defending itself, its owner or keeper, an immediate family member of the owner or keeper, or another human being within its immediate vicinity from an imminent physical attack, or was defending the premises of its owner or keeper from a willful trespass, other tortious act, or crime; provided, a dog is not provoked under such circumstances if a reasonable person would conclude that the dog’s reaction was grossly out of proportion to the act of provocation. A dog is also not provoked if the human victim alleged to have provoked the dog is less than six (6) years of age, unless such victim was injuring the dog at the time and a reasonable person would conclude that the dog’s reaction was not grossly out of proportion to the act of provocation.

Dog License – Required

The harboring, keeping, or maintaining more than four (4) dogs and/or four (4) cats over six (6) months of age any place in Spokane County shall require a kennel license as identified in section 5.04.042 or section 5.04.043; provided, a municipality under contract with Spokane County for animal control and protection services that have adopted provisions of this chapter may in their codes prescribe different numbers of dogs and/or cats that make up a kennel or contain different requirements for kennels.

All dogs six (6) months of age or older harbored, kept or maintained in Spokane County shall be licensed. The annual license fee for each dog shall be twenty-eight five dollars ($285.00) for neutered/spayed dogs and fifty-three dollars ($530.00) for non-spayed/non-neutered dogs. A penalty of twenty dollars ($20.00) shall be added to the fee for failure to timely obtain or renew a license per the deadlines established by subsection (6) of this section. The senior rate, if applicable, shall reduce the fee by ten ($10.00) dollars on one (1) neutered/spayed dog license. Licenses may be obtained from, and fees paid to, either the “County” or “private” licensing outlets by the director to issue dog licenses. A service charge of two three dollars ($23.00) in addition to the fee may be collected and retained by all “private” licensing outlets designated by the director for each dog license issued. Upon payment of the annual license fee and any applicable service charge, the licensing outlet shall deliver to the owner or keeper of the dog a license and metallic tag, renewable annually, for each dog licensed and forward the license fee to SCRAPS.

All licenses issued pursuant to this section shall be dated and numbered, and shall bear the name of SCRAPS, the name and address of the owner and or keeper of the dog or cat license, and a description of the dog or cat, including its color and sex. The metallic tag shall bear a serial number corresponding with the number of the license, and Spokane County or part thereof for which it is issued. It shall be the duty of each owner or keeper of a dog or cat to keep a substantial collar on the animal and to keep firmly attached thereto the metallic tag for the current licensing year. There shall be a fee of two five dollars ($25.00) for replacement of any lost license tag prescribed in the department fee schedule.

Any person who for the purpose of securing a dog or cat license falsely represents whether the dog or cat is spayed/neutered or non-spayed/non-neutered shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

Licenses must be renewed within twelve (12) months of the date the previous license was issued. A new license must be purchased within thirty (30) days after a dog or cat was first acquired, harbored, kept, maintained, or brought into Spokane County by a person residing therein.

All fees, fines, and recouped costs and expenses collected under the provisions of this chapter, other than criminal fines, shall be deposited in the SCRAPS Enterprise Fund.

The director shall honor a request by an owner or keeper of a service animal for a waiver of licensing fees for one (1) dog upon presentation that the requester is legally blind, hearing impaired, or disabled, or is making the request in the capacity of the custodial parent, legal guardian or legal caregiver of such person.

The owner or keeper of any dog or cat shall provide proof to the director upon request that the dog or cat is currently licensed and vaccinated as provided by this chapter.

Dog to Have Current Vaccination Against Rabies

All dogs and cats six (6) months of age or older shall be vaccinated against rabies. The owner or keeper of such dog or cat shall provide the director with proof that the dog or cat has been vaccinated against rabies, as well as the expiration date of such vaccination. An owner or keeper who refuses to provide proof of such vaccination to the director upon request director shall be deemed to have failed to provide such proof.

Determination of Dangerous Dog – Administrative Appeal Hearing and Appeal – Impounding of Dog

All dogs and cats six (6) months of age or older shall be vaccinated against rabies. The owner or keeper of such dog or cat shall provide the director with proof the dog or cat has been vaccinated against rabies, as well as the expiration date of such vaccination. An owner or keeper who refuses to provide proof of such vaccination to the director upon request director shall be deemed to have failed to provide such proof.

When the director has sufficient information to determine that a dog is a dangerous dog as defined by section 5.04.020(912), the director shall declare the dog a dangerous dog and shall notify the owner or keeper of the dog of such determination in writing, either in person or by regular and certified mail. Any notice or determination mailed pursuant to this section shall be deemed received by the party to whom it is addressed on the third (3rd) day after it is placed in the mail, as set forth by declaration of the sender. The notice shall contain the following information:

  • That the person receiving the notice is the owner or keeper of a dangerous dog as defined in section 5.04.020(812);
  • The breed, color, sex, and license number (if known) of the dog;
  • A copy of the records relied upon by the director that form the basis for declaring the dog to be a dangerous dog; which records may be supplemented with additional information as it becomes available;
  • That receipt of the notice renders final the declaration of dangerous dog unless the owner or keeper of the dog submits a request for an administrative appeal hearing in writing to the director on a form provided with the notice within fifteen (15) days of the receipt of the notice;
  • That any dog declared dangerous under this section shall be immediately impounded at the animal care and control facility at the owner’s or keeper’s expense until the owner or keeper fulfills the registration requirements for the dog in accordance with section 5.04.035; and that the dog will be euthanized at the direction of the director unless the owner or keeper within fifteen (15) days of receiving notice of the dangerous dog declaration either registers the dog or appeals the declaration; and the dog pursuant to section pending the results of the appeal.
  • That if an administrative appeal hearing is requested, such hearing and appeal will be held and adjudicated pursuant to subsection (3) through (11) of this section; that at the hearing the records of the Director and any supplementary material shall be admissible to prove the dog is a dangerous dog; that the owner or keeper of the dog may upon request require the officer compiling the record or alternatively an officer with personal knowledge of the record to be present at the hearing, unless such officer is unavailable; that the owner or keeper of the dog, and the Director, may call witnesses, present evidence, examine witnesses present, and be represented by counsel at the hearing; and that the burden shall be on the Director to establish by a preponderance of the evidence that the dog is a dangerous dog.

The procedures and requirements described in subsections (21)(c) through (2)(f) of this section shall apply to the dangerous dog declaration issued by the director and to any appeal of such declaration by the owner or keeper.

If the owner or keeper of the dog requests an administrative appeal hearing within time provided in subsection (2)(e) of this section, the hearing shall be held before the Spokane County Hearing Examiner, as appointed under chapter 1.46 Spokane County Code. The hearing shall be held within twenty (20) days after the receipt of such request, unless it is continued by the hearing examiner based on a showing of good cause. The director shall notify the owner or keeper of the date, time, and place of the hearing at least ten (10) days before the hearing date, which time for notification may be shortened by the examiner based on the agreement of the parties or good cause. The hearing is a public hearing open to public view, but participation in the hearing is limited to the parties and their witnesses.

The administrative appeal hearing shall be electronically recorded. All testimony at the hearing shall be taken under oath, and witnesses may be subpoenaed by the hearing examiner and held in contempt if they refuse to testify. The hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the hearing examiner rules of procedure adopted by the Board of County Commissioners to the extent such rules are relevant and are not in conflict with this section.

The hearing examiner shall render an oral recommendation at the conclusion of the administrative appeal hearing or within five (5) business days thereafter, unless a written recommendation as provided in this subsection has already been prepared and filed by the examiner. The examiner shall prepare a written recommendation that includes findings of fact and conclusions of law, and shall file the recommendation with the Board of County Commissioners within fifteen (15) days of the hearing. The examiner may extend the time for issuing the oral recommendation or for filing the written recommendation upon notification of the parties, but in no event shall the written recommendation be filed more than thirty (30) days from the date of the hearing unless good cause is shown.

The hearing examiner’s recommendation shall be to affirm, reverse or modify the dangerous dog declaration issued by the director. If the recommendation is to affirm the declaration, the examiner shall recommend that the requirements of section 5.04.035 be imposed upon the owner of keeper as a condition of continued ownership or keeping of the dog. If the recommendation is to modify the declaration, the examiner may recommend that the dog be deemed potentially dangerous and that reasonable conditions be imposed on the owner or keeper as a condition of continued ownership or keeping of the dog. Reasonable conditions may include but are not limited to the following measures:

  • Erection of new or additional fencing to keep the dog within the confines of the owner’s or keeper’s premises.
  • Construction of a run consistent with the size of the dog within which the dog must be kept.
  • Keeping the dog on a leash adequate to control the dog or securely fastened to a secure object when left unattended.
  • Keeping the dog indoors at all times, except when on a leash adequate to control the dog and under the actual physical control of the owner or keeper or a competent person at least fifteen (15) years of age.
  • Keeping the dog muzzled in a manner that will not cause injury to the dog or interfere with its vision or respiration, but will prevent it from biting any person or animal when outside a proper enclosure.
  • Spaying/neutering of the dog.
  • Microchip implanting of the dog for identification purposes. The microchip shall be implanted in accordance with policy established by the Director.

The examiner may alternatively recommend that the director be given the authority to establish the reasonable conditions from the measures listed above, or from revisions or additions to such measures that the director deems necessary to effectuate the purposes of this chapter.

Upon receipt of the hearing examiner’s written recommendation, the clerk of the Board of County Commissioners shall place consideration of the examiner’s recommendation on the board’s next regular meeting agenda for action. On the day the examiner files the recommendation with the board or within one (1) business day thereafter, the examiner shall provide the electronic recording of the hearing and the documents admitted into the hearing record to the clerk of the board; mail a copy of the recommendation to the owner or keeper of the dog, and to the director, along with notice of the date, time and place of the regular meeting at which the board will take action on the recommendation; provide a copy of such notifications to the clerk of the board; and provide copies of the recommendation, electronic recording, hearing record and notifications to each board member and the prosecuting attorney’s office.

At the time, date and place that the Board of County Commissioners considers the written recommendation of the hearing examiner, no additional testimony or evidence will be considered. The record before the board will include the electronic recording of the hearing held by the examiner, the exhibits and other documents admitted into the hearing record by the examiner, the examiner’s written recommendation, and the examiner’s notifications to the parties. The board may ask the examiner to summarize the recommendation or clarify aspects of the recommendation, as long as no new testimony or evidence is provided or considered. The hearing examiner may bring clerical errors, obvious ambiguity or other irregularities in the written recommendation to the attention of the board in writing at or prior to the meeting, for the purpose of correcting or clarifying the recommendation.

The Board of County Commissioners may accept, reject or modify the hearing examiner’s written recommendation; or may remand the matter to the examiner with direction for further consideration if the board finds the written recommendation deficient or that a substantial procedural error regarding the hearing and affecting the rights of the parties was made by the examiner or SCRAPS. The board shall render its decision in writing.

If the decision of the Board of County Commissioners determines the dog to be dangerous or potentially dangerous, the owner or keeper of the dog may appeal the board’s decision within twenty (20) days to superior court in accordance with RCW 36.32.330. If the owner or keeper does not appeal the board’s decision determining the dog to be dangerous, or register the dog as a dangerous dog, in accordance with section 5.04.035, within twenty (20) days the dog if not in the possession of SCRAPS will be confiscated and euthanized at the direction of the director in an expeditious and humane manner.

If the decision of the Board of County Commissioners determining a dog to be dangerous is affirmed on appeal and no further appeal is taken, the owner or keeper of the dog must register the dog as a dangerous dog in accordance with section 5.04.035 within twenty (20) days of notification of the board’s decision being affirmed, or the dog will be confiscated and euthanized at the direction of the director in an expeditious and humane manner.

A determination that a dog is not a dangerous dog shall not prevent the director from seeking to have the dog declared a dangerous dog as the result of any subsequent action by the dog.

An owner or keeper of a dangerous dog who violates any conditions imposed under this section shall be guilty of a gross misdemeanor. An owner or keeper of a potentially dangerous dog who violates any conditions imposed under this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

Determination of Potentially Dangerous Dog – Notice, Administrative Review, and Appeal

When the director has sufficient articulable information to determine that a dog is a potentially dangerous dog as defined in section 5.04.020(1920), the director shall declare the dog potentially dangerous and shall notify the owner or keeper of the dog in writing of such determination, either in person or by regular mail. Any notice or determination mailed pursuant to this section shall be deemed received by the party to whom it is addressed on the third (3rd) day after it is placed in the mail, as set forth by declaration of the sender. The notice shall contain the following information:

  • That the person receiving the notice is identified as the owner or keeper of a potentially dangerous dog as defined in section 5.04.020(1920);
  • The breed, color, sex, and license number (if known) of said dog;
  • The facts upon which the declaration of potentially dangerous dog is based;
  • That if there are future similar incidents involving the dog, the dog could be declared a dangerous dog pursuant to section 5.04.032, and required to be registered as provided in section 5.04.035;
  • That the owner or keeper must comply with restrictions set forth in the notice as a condition of continued ownership or keeping of the dog, and that restrictions may include, but are not limited to, those which that may be imposed on the owner or keeper of a potentially dangerous dog pursuant to section 5.04.032(76);
  • That the notice renders final the director’s declaration that the dog is a potentially dangerous dog, unless the owner or keeper of the dog submits a request for an administrative review meeting to the (1920), in writing on a form provided with the notice within fifteen (15) days of the receipt of the notice; and
  • That a failure by the dog owner or keeper to timely request an administrative review meeting within the time provided in subsection (1)(f) of this section, or attend an administrative review meeting with the director after being duly notified of the meeting, shall constitute a failure to exhaust all administrative remedies, render final the director’s declaration that the dog is potentially dangerous, and preclude any appeal of the director’s declaration to the hearing examiner, Board of County Commissioners, or court.

The procedures and requirements described in subsections (1)(e) through (1)(g) of this section shall apply to the potentially dangerous dog declaration issued by the director, and to any review meeting or appeal requested by the dog owner or keeper regarding such declaration.

If the owner or keeper of a dog requests an administrative review meeting as described in subsection (1)(f) of this subsection, the meeting shall be held scheduled within thirty (30) days of the receipt of the request. The meeting date may be continued by the director based on a showing of good cause. The director shall notify the owner or keeper of the date, time and place of the meeting,; as well as the owner’s or keeper’s right to present evidence as to why the dog should not be found potentially dangerous, and the right to be represented by counsel at the meeting. Administrative review meetings shall be informal, open to public view, and at the option of the director held telephonically.

Following an administrative review meeting, the director may affirm or reverse the director’s determination that the dog is potentially dangerous. If the determination is affirmed, the director may impose the same reasonable conditions as may be imposed on the owner or keeper of a potentially dangerous dog pursuant to section 5.04.032(7).

The director shall notify the owner or keeper of the dog in writing of the director’s decision, either by regular mail or in person, within ten (10) days of the administrative review meeting. The director’s decision is final unless the owner or keeper submits a timely request for an administrative appeal hearing in the same manner and within the same time frame as provided in section 5.04.032(23). The hearing, recommendation and decision procedures set forth in section 5.04.032 shall apply to the appeal.

The owner or keeper of the dog may appeal the Board of County Commissioner’s decision to affirm the potentially dangerous dog determination within twenty (20) days to superior court in accordance with RCW 36.32.330.

An owner or keeper of a potentially dangerous dog who violates any of the conditions imposed under this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

Conditions imposed on a potentially dangerous dog under this section may be reviewed and modified at the discretion of the Director. Any modification of conditions must be supported by written findings and conclusions issued by the Director, which will become final and effective fifteen days (15) after notice to the owner or keeper of the dog unless appealed. The notice and appeal of any modification of conditions shall be only of the changed conditions and shall follow the notice and appeal procedures contained in the section.

Dogs deemed potentially dangerous by other jurisdictions in the state of Washington shall be subject to the same regulations as if they have been deemed potentially dangerous in Spokane County and the owner or keeper shall present the dog to SCRAPS within thirty (30) days of their arrival in Spokane County in order to allow the Director to evaluate the dog on an individual basis and determine which restrictions authorized under this section to impose. Any owner or keeper of a dog deemed potentially dangerous by a jurisdiction outside of the state of Washington who is relocating to Spokane County shall present the dog to SCRAPS within thirty (30) days of their arrival in Spokane County in order to allow the Director to evaluate the dog on an individual basis and determine which restrictions authorized under this section to impose.

Registration of Dangerous Dogs – Requirements – Annual Fee

The owner or keeper of a dog declared or determined to be dangerous under section 5.04.032 must obtain a certificate of registration for the dog from the director within fifteen (15) days of the receipt of notice of the declaration from the director, or if the declaration or determination was timely appealed within the time allowed, within twenty (20) days of the final appeal decision if the declaration or determination was timely appealed as provided in section 5.04.032 and must renew said certificate of registration every twelve (12) months., Any dog required to be registered under this section that is not registered, has a lapsed registration, or has failed to maintain any conditions or restrictions imposed under this section or section 5.04. or the dog wilshall be confiscated and euthanized at the direction of the director in an expeditious and humane manner. No dangerous dog shall be returned by SCRAPS to anyone prior to the issuance of a current certificate of registration under this section. The certificate of registration shall be issued only if the owner or keeper of the dangerous dog presents sufficient proof of all the following:

  • A proper enclosure, approved by SCRAPS, to confine a dangerous dog and posting of the premises with a clearly visible sign that there is a dangerous dog on the property. In addition, the owner shall conspicuously display a sign with a warning symbol that informs children of the presence of a dangerous dog.
  • A microchip implanted for identification purposes pursuant to section 5.04.036.
  • A muzzle and leash, approved by SCRAPS as to strength and fit, for the dangerous dog.
  • A surety bond or a policy of liability insurance such as homeowner’s insurance, as described in this subsection. The surety bond or policy of liability insurance shall be issued by a surety or insurer qualified under chapter 48.28 RCW, be in a form acceptable to the SCRAPS, be in the sum of at least two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000.00) with a maximum five-hundred dollar ($500.00) deductible, provide for prior written notification to SCRAPS of cancellation or material change, insure the owner or keeper for any and be payable to any person for personal injuries or property damage caused inflicted by the dangerous dog regardless of whether the personal injury or property damage occurs on or off the owner or keeper’s premises.

The owner or keeper of a dangerous dog shall furnish to SCRAPS a complete copy of the surety bond or certificate of insurance specified in this subsection and shall allow Spokane County a reasonable time to review the bond or policy to determine whether the surety bond or certificate of insurance is sufficient, prior to issuing the certificate of registration.

  • The dangerous dog must be spayed/neutered at the owner’s expense in order to complete the registration. Any impounded dangerous dog will be transported by SCRAPS to a veterinarian for spaying/neutering as part of the registration process prior to release; and
  • In addition to the regular dog licensing fees set forth in section 5.04.030, the owner or keeper of a dangerous dog shall pay an annual registration and inspection fee as prescribed in the department fee schedule. fee in the amount of one hundred dollars ($100.00). The registration will be valid for twelve (12) months.

Notwithstanding the requirements set forth in subsection (1) of this section, the director may issue a provisional registration certificate where: (a) the dangerous dog declaration or determination has been appealed, provided all conditions of this section have been met with the exception of subsection (1)(e) requiring spaying/neutering; or (b) the owner is relocating the dangerous dog outside of Spokane County and all conditions of this section have been met with the exception of subsection (1)(d) requiring a surety bond or insurance policy. Any provisional permit issued pursuant to (2)(a) of this subsection shall expire twenty (20) days following the appeal decision as provided in section 5.04.032. Any provisional permit issued pursuant to (2)(b) of this subsection shall be valid for the sole purpose of immediate transport and relocation of the dog from the shelter or animal care and control facility to a location outside Spokane County.

The provisions of this section shall not apply to police dogs as defined in RCW 4.24.410.

The owner or keeper of a dog declared or determined to be a dangerous dog must notify SCRAPS in writing if the dog is deceased, is to be relocated, or if there is a change in ownership. In the event of a change of ownership and/or relocation of the dangerous dog, the owner or keeper shall provide SCRAPS with written notice at least ten (10) days in advance of any change, including providing the complete address and phone number of the new owner or keeper prior to the change of ownership and/or relocation of the dangerous dog. The owner or keeper of the dangerous dog shall also notify any subsequent owner or keeper of the dog’s designation as a dangerous dog. If the change of ownership and/or relocation of a dangerous dog is within Spokane County, all conditions imposed under this section shall be in place for the new owner and at the new location prior to such change.

Dogs deemed dangerous by other jurisdictions in the state of Washington shall be subject to the same regulations as if they have been deemed dangerous in Spokane County and shall register the dog pursuant to subsection (1) of this section prior to bringing the dangerous dog into Spokane County. Any owner or keeper of a dog deemed dangerous by a jurisdictions outside of the state of Washington who is relocating to Spokane County shall present the dog to SCRAPS within thirty (30) days of their arrival in Spokane County in order to allow the director r to evaluate the dog on an individual basis and determine whether the dog meets the definition of dangerous dog in section 5.04.020(912). A dogs deemed or determined to be a dangerous dog under this subsection shall be registered as such by the owner or keeper, and are is subject to all other restrictions imposed under this section.

An owner or keeper of a dog previously deemed or determined to be a dangerous dog by SCRAPS or Spokane County and subsequently relocated outside Spokane County, shall register the dog pursuant to subsection (1) of this section prior to bringing the dangerous dog back into Spokane County. Such dogs are prohibited from re-entering Spokane County without prior written consent from the director and/or full re-registration.

Dangerous dog registration shall be renewed every twelve (12) months. A re-inspection of the facility housing the dog is required prior to renewal. Issuance of a dangerous dog registration or renewal thereof shall be conditioned on the registered owner allowing the Director to inspect the premises at any time to insure compliance with the provisions of this section. The owner or keeper shall also provide the director with proof of a surety bond or proper insurance certificate as specified in subsection (1) of this section, prior to re-registration.

) An owner or keeper of a dog declared, deemed or determined to be a dangerous dog shall be responsible for meeting and maintaining the requirements set forth in this section and section 5.04.032 at all times and at their expense. A violation of conditions imposed under this section is a gross misdemeanor.

Dangerous Dogs – Identification

The owner or keeper of a dog determined to be dangerous pursuant to section 5.04.032 or section 5.04.035(75) shall have the dog identified by a microchip implant at the owner’s expense. The microchip shall be implanted in accordance with policy established by the director.

Unlawful Use of License Tags

It is unlawful for any owner or keeper to use any license tag on any dog or cat other than the one for which it was issued. If there is a change of ownership or keeper of a licensed dog or cat, the new owner or keeper must apply for and obtain a new license as required in this chapter.

It is unlawful for any person to use the license tag for an unlawful purpose, or to conceal the ownership of the dog or cat or remove the license tag provided for in this chapter from any dog or cat, with the intent to deprive the owner or keeper thereof.

A willful violation of this section is a misdemeanor.

Commercial Kennels

Commercial kennels located in Spokane County shall be licensed as required by this section, except as otherwise may be required or provided under the municipal codes of municipalities under contract with Spokane County for animal control and protection services that have adopted provisions of this chapter. All applicants requesting a commercial kennel license must submit a completed application for license with all applicable documentation and fees prescribed in the department fee schedule. Commercial kennel licenses shall be valid for a twelve (12) month period and shall be renewed on or before the expiration of such period. SCRAPS shall mail a notice of renewal to the license holder not less than thirty (30) days prior to the expiration of the license. Individual licenses are not required for any animals legally maintained within a licensed commercial kennel. All applicants requesting renewal of a commercial kennel license must submit a completed renewal application with applicable documentation and fees prescribed in the department fee schedule. Incur additional fees as prescribed in the department fee schedule. All renewal rights stemming from an existing license shall cease to exist ninety (90) days after the renewal date, and continued operation of the kennel after such time period shall be deemed to be operation of an illegal kennel.

Applications for commercial kennel licenses shall be made to SCRAPS. Each application shall be in writing and signed and sworn to by the applicant. The application shall contain the following information:

  • The name, home address, and telephone number of the applicant;
  • The business name, business address, and telephone number of the proposed commercial kennel.
  • A diagram to scale or approximately to scale showing the property and structures for which the license is sought;
  • A diagram of the kennel facility;
  • A description of the premises where the kennel will be operated, as well as a description of the magnitude and nature of the proposed business; and
  • A written statement from the Spokane County Building and Planning Department, or pertinent municipal department, that the contemplated business complies with applicable zoning laws.

The director may deny issuance or renewal of a license, and may revoke or suspend an existing license for good cause upon finding after an investigation or hearing any of the following:

  • The license fee has not been paid;
  • The application does not satisfy the requirements of subsection (2) of this section;
  • Upon the inspection by the director, the business does not meet the standards for a commercial kennel set forth in subsection (7) of this section;
  • Such license was issued illegally, or by mistake or inadvertence, or was procured by fraud, misrepresentation, false or misleading statements, evasions or suppression of material facts, or that any of the material facts contained in the application are false;
  • The licensee, or any agent of the licensee, connected with the operation of the commercial kennel, has, within a two (2) year period:
    • Been found guilty of or committed a violation of any provisions of this chapter, chapter 5.12 of this code, or chapters 16.08, 16.52, or 16.54 RCW;
    • Been found to have engaged in any other misconduct, or improper, fraudulent, or wrongful behavior relating to the operation of a commercial kennel; or
    • Violated any of the standards imposed for operation of a commercial kennel in subsection (7) of this section.
  • A servant, agent, employee or representative of the commercial kennel has been found guilty of or committed an act or omission on the premises of the commercial kennel that constitutes a criminal violation of this chapter, chapter 5.12 of this code, or chapters 16.08, 16.52, or 16.54 RCW; or has engaged in any misconduct or improper, fraudulent or wrongful behavior relating to the operation of the commercial kennel and:
    • Such act, omission, conduct or behavior was knowingly allowed by a person sharing in the profits of the commercial kennel; an officer or director of the corporation, if the commercial kennel is incorporated; or a person acting as a proprietor, manager, or person in charge of the commercial kennel; or
    • Two (2) or more such acts or omissions have occurred on the premises within a two (2) year period.
  • Any of the operations standards set forth in subsection (7) of this section have failed to be observed for the commercial kennel.

The director shall notify an applicant of the director’s decision to deny an application for a new license or the renewal of an existing license under the provisions of this section, and shall notify any person holding an existing license of the director’s decision to revoke or suspend such license under the provisions of this section. Such notifications shall be made in writing, either in person or by regular or certified mail. Any notice or determination mailed pursuant to this section shall be deemed received by the person to whom it is addressed on the third (3rd) day after it is placed in the mail, as set forth by declaration of the sender. The notice shall contain the following information:

  • The facts upon which the denial, revocation or suspension is based;
  • That the notice renders the director’s decision final unless the applicant or licensee submits a request for an administrative appeal hearing to the director in writing on a form provided with the notice within fifteen (15) days of the receipt of the notice.

The director’s decision is final unless the applicant or licensee requests an administrative appeal hearing in the same manner and under the same timeframe as provided in section 5.04.032. The hearing, recommendation and decision procedures set forth in section 5.04.032 shall apply to the appeal. If an administrative appeal hearing is timely requested, within the time allowed, regarding the director’s decision to not renew, suspend or revoke a current legally issued license, the director’s decision is stayed and the license shall remain in effect pending final determination of the appeal as provided in this section; provided, the director may take such other lawful action regarding operation of the commercial kennel as may be required to enforce the provisions of this chapter, chapter 5.12 of this code, or chapter 16.08, 16.52 and 16.54 RCW. All evidence bearing on the question of whether the director’s decision is proper under the provisions of this section may be received at the administrative appeal hearing.

If the Board of County Commissioners reverses the director’s decision, the clerk of the board shall notify the director of such determination, and the director shall cause the license to be issued, renewed or reinstated forthwith. If the board affirms or modifies the director’s decision, the determination shall be final unless it is timely appealed to superior court within 20 days in accordance with RCW 36.32.330.

The following operation standards shall apply to commercial kennels:

  • All animals must have an adequate supply of drinking water, sanitary sleeping quarters, adequate shelter, medical attention, grooming and exercise areas appropriate to their size, breed characteristics and climate;
  • All animals shall be supplied with sufficient good and wholesome food as often as the feeding habits of the respective animals require, but not less than, in the case of puppies or kittens under four (4) months of age, three (3) times every twenty-four (24) hours; and, in the case of adults, once every twenty-four (24) hours;
  • Food shall be stored in a fashion which that prevents contamination or infestation;
  • The facilities shall be maintained and operated in a healthful, sanitary manner, free from disease, infestation and foul odors;
  • All animals and animal buildings or enclosures shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition. Housing facilities shall be structurally sound and shall be maintained in good repair, to protect the animals from injury, to contain the animals, and to restrict the entry of other animals. All reasonable precautions shall be taken to protect the public from the animals and the animals from the public.
  • Sick animals shall be isolated from healthy ones in quarters adequately ventilated to prevent contamination of healthy animals;
  • Animals shall be immunized from disease as is usual and customary for the animals’ age and species.
  • All animal rooms, cages, shipping containers, and runs shall be of sufficient size to provide adequate and proper accommodations and protection from the weather for the animals kept therein. If individual runs are utilized, the surface shall be cement, gravel, or shavings. At a minimum, sufficient space must be provided for every animal in an enclosure to separately and together, stand up, lie down, and turn around in a natural position.
  • All animals shall be maintained so as to comply with section 5.04.070(7).

No commercial kennel license, or any renewal thereof, may be issued until the owner or operator thereof allows the director to inspect the premises of the license applicant. Such inspections shall be made during regular business hours. The purpose of such inspection shall be to determine if the commercial kennel does or can meet the standards set forth in subsection (7). The director, may inspect the premises at any time to ensure compliance with the provisions of this section.

Any person owning or exercising control of an unlicensed commercial kennel is guilty of a misdemeanor.

Private Kennels

Private kennels located in Spokane County shall be licensed as required by this section, except as otherwise may be required under the municipal codes of municipalities under contract with Spokane County for Animal Control and Protection Services that have adopted provisions of this chapter. All applicants requesting a private kennel license must submit a completed application for license with all applicable documentation and fees prescribed in the department fee schedule. Private kennel licenses shall be for a twelve (12) month period and shall be renewed on or before the expiration of such period.

All applicants requesting renewal of a private kennel license must submit a completed renewal application with applicable documentation and fees prescribed in the department fee schedule. The fee for a private kennel license is one hundred dollars ($100.00), payable to SCRAPS. An additional fee of twenty-five dollars ($25.00) shall be assessed and payable if the license is not timely renewed within the above timeframe. All renewal rights to an existing license shall cease to exist ninety (90) days after the renewal date, and continued operation of the kennel shall be deemed operation of an illegal kennel. SCRAPS shall mail a notice of renewal to the license holder not less than thirty (30) days prior to the expiration of said license. Individual licenses are not required for any animals legally maintained within a licensed private kennel.

Applications for private kennel licenses shall be made to SCRAPS. Each application shall be in writing , and signed and sworn to by the applicant. The application shall contain the following information:

  • The name, home address, and telephone number of the applicant;
  • A diagram to scale or approximately to scale showing the property and structures for which the license is sought;
  • A diagram of the kennel facility;
  • A description of the premises where the kennel will be operated, as well as a description of the magnitude and nature of the proposed private kennel, including the number and breed of dogs or cats to be housed there;
  • A description of the uses to which the properties surrounding the proposed private kennel are devoted;
  • A written statement from the Spokane County Department of Building and Planning, or pertinent municipal department, that the proposed private kennel complies with applicable zoning laws.

The director may deny issuance or renewal of a license, or and may revoke or suspend an existing license for good cause upon finding after investigation or hearing any of the following:

  • The license fee has not been paid;
  • The application does not satisfy the requirements of subsection (2);
  • Such license was issued illegally, or by mistake or inadvertence, or was procured by fraud, misrepresentation, false or misleading statements, evasions or suppression of material facts, or that any of the material facts contained in the application are false;
  • Upon the inspection by the Director, the business does not meet the standards for a private kennel set forth in subsection (6) of this section; Operation of the kennel constitutes a public nuisance;
  • The licensee, or any agent of the licensee, in connectedion with the operation of the private kennel, has, within a two (2) year period:
    • Been found guilty of or committed a violation of any of the provisions of this chapter, chapter 5.12 of this code, or chapters 16.08, 16.52, or 16.54 RCW;
    • Violated any of the standards imposed for operation of private kennels by subsection (6) hereof; or
    • Kept more than the number of dogs or cats allowed under subsection (7) of this section.

The director shall notify an applicant of the director’s decision to deny an application for a new license or renewal of an existing license under the provisions of the section, and shall notify any person holding an existing license of the director’s decision to revoke or suspend such license under the provisions of this section. Such notifications shall be made in writing, either in person or by regular or certified mail. Any notice or determination mailed pursuant to this section shall be deemed received by the person to whom it is addressed on the third (3rd) day after it is placed in the mail, as set forth by declaration of the sender. The notice shall contain the following information:

  • The facts upon which the denial, revocation or suspension is based;
  • That the notice renders the director’s decision final unless the applicant or licensee requests an administrative appeal hearing by submitting a written request to the director on a form provided with the notice within fifteen (15) days of the receipt of the notice.

The director’s decision is final unless the applicant or licensee timely requests an administrative appeal hearing in the same manner as provided in section 5.04.032. The appeal is subject to the same procedures as provided in section 5.04.042 for the appeal of the director’s decision to deny, not renew, suspend or revoke a commercial kennel license.

The following operation standards shall be observed in connection with aapply to private kennels:

  • The animals must have an adequate supply of drinking water, sanitary sleeping quarters, and adequate shelter, medical attention, grooming and exercise areas appropriate to their size, breed characteristics and climate;
  • All animals shall be supplied with sufficient good and wholesome food as often as the feeding habits of the respective animals require, but not less than, in the case of puppies or kittens under four (4) months of age, three (3) times every twenty-four (24) hours; and in the case of adults, once every twenty-four (24) hours.
  • All animals and animal buildings or enclosures shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition. Housing facilities shall be structurally sound and shall be maintained in good repair, to protect the animals from injury, to contain the animals, and to restrict the entry of other animals. All reasonable precautions shall be taken to protect the public from the animals and the animals from the public;
  • Sick animals shall be isolated from healthy ones in quarters adequately ventilated to prevent contamination of healthy animals;
  • Animals shall be immunized from disease as is usual and customary for the animals’ age and species;
  • All animal rooms, cages, shipping containers, and runs shall be of sufficient size to provide adequate and proper accommodations and protection from the weather for the animals kept therein. If individual runs are utilized, the surface shall be cement, gravel, or shavings. At a minimum, sufficient space must be provided for every animal in an enclosure to separately and together, stand up, lie down, and turn around in a natural position; and
  • All animals shall be maintained so as to comply with section 5.04.070(7).

No private kennel shall have more than eight (8) dogs and/or ten (10) cats over six (6) months of age without the consent of the director.

No private kennel license, or any renewal thereof, may be issued until the owner or operator allows the director to inspect the premises of the license applicant at a mutually convenient time. The purpose of such inspection shall be to determine if the private kennel does or can meet the standards set forth in subsection (6). Any license or renewal thereof shall be conditioned on the owner or operator allowing the director to inspect the premises at any time to insure compliance with the provisions of this section.

Any person owning or exercising control of an unlicensed private kennel is guilty of a misdemeanor.

Prohibited Sales – Rules and Regulations

No person shall display, sell, deliver, offer for sale, barter, auction, give away, dispose, or advertise the availability of an animal upon any public property or upon private property open to the public.

For purposes of this section, public property shall include, but not be limited to, any county-owned real property, air space, or other interest in real estate, including streets, roads, alleys or other public rightof ways, owned by or controlled by Spokane County or any governmental entity within the unincorporated areas or incorporated areas under contract that have adopted this chapter.

For purposes of this section, “private property open to the public” shall include, but not be limited to, any parking lot, sidewalk, and empty lot.

This section shall not apply to the sale of an animal that occurs:

  • On private property not open to the public;
  • At legally permitted pet shops and kennels; or
  • At or through any humane society, animal welfare society, society for the prevention of cruelty to animals or other nonprofit organization devoted to the welfare, protection, and humane treatment of animals and approved by the director.

Nothing in this section shall permit the sale or harboring of an inherently dangerous animal within Spokane County prohibited pursuant to chapter 5.12 of this code.

Designated Off-Leash Area(s) – Rules and Regulations

Dogs may be allowed to run at large in the following designated off-leash areas:

  • Designated off-leash area within Gateway Park, located off Interstate 90 in Spokane County adjacent to the Idaho/Washington border;
  • Other designated off-leash areas in Spokane County approved by ordinance or resolution by the Board of County Commissioners or by municipalities that contract with Spokane County for animal protection and control services and have adopted provisions of this chapter.

An area designated as off-leash area in subsection (1) of this section, is governed by the following rules and regulations:

  • Any person bringing a dog into the off-leash area remains liable for damage or injury inflicted by the dog and is subject to all applicable Washington State and Spokane County laws regulating dogs.
  • Any dog deemed potentially dangerous or dangerous by any recognized animal control authority is not allowed in an off-leash area.
  • Any person bringing a dog into an off-leash area must maintain control of the dog(s) at all times.
  • No handler is allowed to have more than three (3) dogs in an off-leash area at any one time. A handler must attend his/her dog within an off-leash area at all times.
  • Any dog exhibiting dangerous or aggressive behavior, including but not limited to biting and fighting, is prohibited from an off-leash area.
  • A female dog in heat is not allowed in an off-leash area.
  • Any person bringing a dog to an off-leash area must leash the dog when it is outside the off-leash area and must carry a leash for each dog while inside the off-leash area.
  • Pinch and choke collars are not allowed when a dog is off leash in the off-leash area.
  • A dog must be have vaccinatedup-to-date on vaccines.
  • Any person bringing a dog into an off-leash area must clean up feces left by the dog, deposit the feces in the containers at the off-leash site, and visibly carry equipment for removing feces.
  • Any children less than sixteen (16) years of age in the off-leash area must be accompanied by a parent or guardian.
  • Glass containers and alcohol are prohibited in an off-leash area.
  • Bicycles, skateboards, and other wheeled items are prohibited in an off-leash area.

Enforcement Power

The director is authorized to take such lawful action as may be required to enforce the provisions of this chapter, chapter 5.12 of this code, and chapters 16.08, 16.52 and 16.54 RCW.

The director, unless authorized by the owner or person entitled to possession thereof, or in response to exigent circumstances, shall not enter private dwellings that are not licensed as either commercial or private kennels, unless a proper warrant has been issued upon a showing that the affiant the directorhas reasonable probable cause to believe that there is a violation of this chapter, chapter 5.12 of this code, or chapters 16.08, 16.30, 16.52 or 16.54 RCW. The director, while pursuing any doganimal observed by the officer to be in violation of this chapter, or during investigation for unlicensed dogs or cats, may enter upon any public or private property, except any private dwellings that are not licensed as either commercial or private kennels, for the purpose of abating the dog animal violation being investigated.

No person shall deny, prevent, obstruct or attempt to deny, prevent or obstruct the director from pursuing any animal observed to be in violation of this chapter, chapter 5.12 of this code, or chapters 16.08, 16.30, 16.52 or 16.54 RCW. No person shall fail or neglect, after a proper warrant has been presented, to properly permit the director to enter upon private property or private dwelling homes to perform any duty imposed by this chapter, chapter 5.12 of this code, or chapters 16.08, 16.30, 16.52 or 16.54 RCW.

Impounding of Dogs – Notice of Owner or Keeper – Redemption – Fee

The director may impound any dog(s) committing any of the acts prohibited by this code or chapter 16.08 RCW, and any dog determined by the director to be in danger of being subjected to cruel treatment as defined by this chapter or chapters 16.52 RCW or abandoned under 16.54 RCW, or found to be sick, injured or dead.

The director upon impounding a dog shall record the breed, color and sex of the dog, and whether or not the dog is wearing a current license tag. If the dog is currently licensed, the director shall also record the name and address of the owner or keeper and the number of the license tag. If the dog is not returned to its owner or keeper, the director shall notify the owner or keeper either by mail, telephone or in-person that the dog has been impounded and where it may be redeemed. Any dog identified as currently licensed and impounded pursuant to this chapter shall be held for the owner or keeper for at least one hundred twenty (120) hours from the time of impoundment. Any unlicensed dog shall be held for the owner or keeper for at least seventy-two (72) hours from the time of impoundment.

Any impounded dog not redeemed after the expiration of the holding period as provided in subsection (2) of this section shall be deemed abandoned and ownership shall be vested in SCRAPS, and the dog may be adopted out, transferred to an animal shelter or animal rescue approved by the director, or humanely euthanized. All adoptions shall be conducted pursuant to section 5.04.064.

Notwithstanding the holding periods referenced in subsection (2) of this section, the director may in accordance with policy established by SCRAPS, authorize any unlicensed impounded dog be humanely euthanized if the director determines the animal to be feral and/or dangerous to the safety of humans or other animals, or suffering from serious injury or disease; or the designated shelter area for dogs is at capacity.

Any dog impounded pursuant to this section may be redeemed by the owner or keeper upon compliance with the redemption procedures in section 5.04.110 and payment of all redemption fees as prescribed in the department fee schedules. provided in section 5.04.110. In addition, any unlicensed dog must be licensed at the time of redemption.

Any dog running at large during a rabies quarantine shall be immediately impounded by SCRAPS and kept at the animal care and control facility or an animal shelter for the remainder of the quarantine at the owner’s or keeper’s expense.

Control of Dogs

The following dog control regulations are police regulations designed to protect public health and safety. The owner or keeper of a dog is strictly liable to control his or her dog(s) as required herein, meaning that the penalty for violation of such regulations is imposed without regard to any wrongful intention of the violator. It is unlawful for the owner or keeper of a dog(s) to violate any of the following regulations. The owner or keeper of a dog or dogs shall prevent said dog(s) from:

  1. Running at large in Spokane County, whether licensed or not; provided, that this subsection shall not: a) prohibit a person from walking or exercising a dog in public when the dog is on a leash, tether or chain not exceeding eight (8) feet in length; or, b) prohibit a person from having a dog off-leash in an area described in section 5.04.045(1) as an off-leash area, provided that the requirements of section 5.04.045(2) are met;
  2. Entering any place where food is stored, prepared, served or sold to the public or any public building or hall; provided, that this subsection shall not apply to any dog that is a service animal, veterinarian offices or hospitals, dog exhibitions or organized dog training classes, or dogs used by armored car services or law enforcement agencies;
  3. Being accessible to other animals, while in heat, for purposes other than controlled or planned breeding;
  4. Chasing, running after or jumping at vehicles using public streets and alleys;
  5. Without provocation, and in a menacing fashion or apparent attitude of attack, snapping at, growling at, snarling at, barking at, jumping upon, chasing, restraining or approaching a human being on public or private property, or an animal while the dog is off the owner’s or keeper’s property;
  6. Exhibiting vicious propensities;
  7. Howling, yelling, whining or barking or making other oral noises that unreasonably disturb a person or group of persons;
  8. Being kept, harbored or maintained and known to have a contagious disease unless under the treatment of a licensed veterinarian and appropriately isolated to protect the public and other animals;
  9. Running in packs; provided, for the purpose of this section “packs” means dogs in groups of three (3) or more;
  10. Running at large when the dog has not been neutered or spayed, and the dog is six (6) months of age or older;
  11. If declared, deemed or determined to be a potentially dangerous dog, running at large or off the owner’s or keeper’s property, unless the dog is on a leash and under physical restraint of a responsible person; or
  12. If declared, deemed or determined to be a dangerous dog, running at large or outside a proper enclosure, unless the dog is muzzled and restrained by a substantial chain or leash and under physical restraint of a responsible person. The muzzle shall be made in a manner that will not cause injury to the dog or interfere with its vision or respiration, but will prevent the dog from biting any person or animal.

Regional Animal Protection Director or Animal Protection Officer

The director or animal protection officer shall be specially commissioned by the Spokane County Sheriff as a deputy and may be specially commissioned by another local municipality’s chief law enforcement officer as an officer for the purpose of enforcing any provision of this chapter, chapter 5.12 of this code, or chapters 16.08, 16.30, 16.52 or 16.54 RCW; and shall have the authority to issue infractions and criminal citations and to facilitate arrests with the assistance of law enforcement officers where the director or animal protection officer has information to support a reasonable belief that the owner, handler, or keeper of the animal is in violation of any sections constituting a misdemeanor or gross misdemeanor.

Destruction of Vicious and Dangerous Dogs

The owner or keeper of any dog having vicious propensities, as defined in this chapter, shall turn the dog over to SCRAPS for disposal by means of euthanasia, if ordered to do so by a judicial officer of the district court or municipal court, upon the owner’s or keeper’s conviction of any violation of section 5.04.070(6).

Any dog declared a dangerous dog that has failed to receive a certificate of registration shall be euthanized as provided for in section 5.04.032(10) and (11).

Any owner or keeper of a dog to be destroyed by means of euthanasia under this chapter, chapter 5.12 of this code, and chapters 16.08, 16.52, and 16.54 RCW has twenty-four hours (24) from notification to turn the dog over to the SCRAPS shelter for disposal by means of euthanasia. Willful interference with the lawful disposal of a dog pursuant to this section is a misdemeanor.

Penalties

The maximum penalty for the violation of any provision of this chapter constituting an infraction other than section 5.04.030 relating to failure to obtain animal licenses shall be the monetary amount established under section IRLJ 6.2(b) of the Infraction Rules for Courts of Limited Jurisdiction for unscheduled infractions as it now exists or is hereafter amended for the first infraction, and the same amount plus twenty-five dollars ($25.00) for the second (2nd) infraction committed within a twelve (12) month period. In addition, the court may impose any applicable statutory assessments.

Any person, in addition to any other penalties provided by this chapter, found in violation of any provisions or any amendments thereto which that are designated as misdemeanors shall be punished by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000.00) or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than ninety (90) days or by both such fine and imprisonment; or, if designated as a gross misdemeanor, shall be punished by a fine of not more than five thousand dollars ($5,000.00) or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than three hundred sixty-five (365) days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

The penalties for violation of section 5.04.030, other than subsection (5) thereof, shall be two hundred dollars ($200.00) per violation; provided, however, the district court by local court rule or general order may allow for a reduction in said sum by way of mitigation or where a license is obtained or renewed within ten (10) calendar days of the issuance of an infraction.

Violation as Constituting a Public Nuisance

In addition to the foregoing remedies, the repeat violation of any provisions of this chapter after official notice of the violation shall constitute a public nuisance and may be abated in any manner authorized by chapters 7.48 and 9.66 RCW.

Fee Setting Authority

The director is granted the authority to set a schedule of fees not otherwise established in this chapter that are reasonably related to SCRAPS fulfilling its responsibilities under this chapter. This authority shall be construed consistently with all local Spokane County district court rules and general orders on the subject involving the failure to license dogs or cats as set forth in Sections 5.04.030 and 5.04.031 SCC. The Director for good cause may waive and/or reduce fees on an individual basis. Fee schedules shall be posted at the SCRAPS shelter animal care and control facility and on the SCRAPS Spokane County web site.

Duty When Striking Domestic Animal with Motor Vehicle

Any person who, while operating a motor vehicle, strikes a domestic animal in Spokane County shall stop at once, render reasonable assistance, and shall immediately report such injury or death to the animal’s owner. In the event the owner of said animal cannot be ascertained and located, such person shall at once report the accident to the SCRAPS or another law enforcement agency with authority in the jurisdiction. This section shall in no way be construed as requiring the person striking the animal with a motor vehicle to be financially responsible for any injury or death of the animal. A person who willfully violates this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

Animal Bites to be Reported

Every animal that bites a person shall be promptly reported to SCRAPS and shall thereupon be securely quarantined at the direction of SCRAPS for a period of ten (10) days. At the discretion of SCRAPS, such quarantine may be on the premises of the owner or keeper, at the a county animal care and control facility, or at the owner’s or keeper’s option and expense, in a veterinary hospital or designated animal shelter of the owner’s or keeper’s choice. In the cases of animals whose ownership is not known, such quarantine shall be at the county animal care and control facility, designated animal shelter approved by SCRAPS, or a veterinary hospital. If the animal is quarantined at a county animal shelter care and control facility, the owner or keeper of the animal shall be charged a fee as prescribed in the department fee schedule. Any owner or keeper of an animal who knowingly violates this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

Contact a Dog Bite Lawyer in Spokane, WA Today

Call a Spokane attorney for a dog attack if you’ve been injured. Parke Gordon Law Firm offers a free consultation. Take this opportunity to speak to an experienced dog bite attorney from our law firm about your dog bite case over the phone or in person. We can usually tell you over the phone if you have a good case. Our attorneys will fight for you or your child to get fair compensation from a negligent dog owner. You pay nothing until your case settles. Call (509) 482-7274 now for a free consultation to discuss your dog bite case.

 

Spokane, Washington Law Office

Our Spokane, Washington law firm services clients in and surrounding Spokane, including for injuries and accidents in Spokane Valley and injuries and accidents in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho. Visit or call our Spokane law firm today. Parke Gordon LLC 421 W Riverside, Suite 256 Spokane, WA 99201 Phone:(509) 482-7274

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Dog Bite Laws in Coeur d’Alene

Dog Bite Laws in Coeur d’Alene

Dog Bite Laws in Coeur d'AleneThe following are the legal dog bite laws in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho. Please check the following link to city ordinances for any updates or changes to the laws:(http://www.sterlingcodifiers.com/codebook/index.php?book_id=603Title 6, Animals)

Administration

Purpose

The purpose of this title is to encourage responsible animal ownership, to protect the citizens of Coeur d’Alene from the negative effects of irresponsible animal ownership, to reduce the potential for conflicts associated with urban wildlife, and to protect animals from abuse and neglect, which can lead to animal behavior that endangers the health, safety and welfare of the citizens of Coeur d’Alene. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Definitions

Unless the context indicates otherwise, the following terms, used in this title, have the following meanings:

AGGRESSIVE DOG: A dog:

  1. Shown to have displayed behavior that threatens the physical safety of a person or domestic animal, such as barking or chasing in a menacing manner, lunging, growling, snarling, and baring teeth; or
  2. That, without provocation, bites or by its aggressive actions, causes injury to a person or domestic animal; or
  3. Charges, chases, or threatens a person in any way that would cause a reasonable person to be fearful.
  4. Exceptions: A dog will not be deemed aggressive if:
  5. It bites or attacks anyone assaulting the owner, a trespasser on the property of the owner, or any person or other animal who has tormented or abused it; or
  6. It is acting in defense of an attack from a person or other animal upon the owner or other person; or
  7. It is a dog or other animal used by the police department or other law enforcement agency.

AGGRESSIVELY BITES: Any bite that tears or punctures the skin and is accompanied by an attack where the dog exhibits one or more of the following behaviors: chasing, barking in a menacing manner, snarling, baring teeth, growling, barking, snapping, pouncing, lunging, multiple attacks, multiple lunges, or multiple bites.

ANIMAL CONTROL HEARING OFFICER: The employee or other appointee of the city who is appointed to hear appeals under this title.

ANIMAL CONTROL IMPOUND FACILITY: The facility where animals that are impounded pursuant to this title are held.

ANIMAL CONTROL OFFICER(S): Those persons hired and authorized by the city to enforce the provisions of this title and to perform the duties set forth herein for animal control officers including police officers.

ATTRACTANT(S): Any substance, including, but not limited to, food, garbage, or salt lick, which draws wildlife to a particular location.

BITE: A puncture, tear, or abrasion of the skin inflicted by the teeth of an animal.

DANGEROUS DOG: A dog:

  1. With a known propensity, tendency, or disposition to attack unprovoked, to cause injury to, or to otherwise endanger the safety of humans or domestic animals; or
  2. That aggressively bites any person or any domestic animal or kills or caused the death of a domestic animal; or
  3. Any dog owned or harbored primarily or in part for the purpose of dogfighting, or any dog trained for dogfighting; or
  4. That has previously been classified as an aggressive animal and has been found running at large two (2) or more times.
  5. A dog will not be deemed dangerous if:
  6. It bites or attacks anyone assaulting the owner, a trespasser on the property of the owner, or any person or other animal who has tormented or abused it; or
  7. It is acting in defense of an attack from a person or other animal upon the owner or other person; or
  8. It is a dog used by the police department or other law enforcement agency.

POLICE CHIEF: The chief of police of the city of Coeur d’Alene or his/her designee.

PRIMARY ENCLOSURES: A separate enclosure or cage which segregates one animal or another animal or animals.

SERIOUS INJURY: Any physical injury that includes multiple bites, broken bones, serious disfigurement, or serious impairment of a bodily function, body member, organ, or mental faculty or involves a substantial risk of death, unconsciousness or extreme physical pain. This definition includes bites to a person’s neck or stomach.

STERILIZED: An animal that has been surgically altered, either by the spaying of a female animal or by the neutering of a male animal, so it is unable to reproduce.

VICIOUS DOG: A dog will be considered vicious if the dog:

  1. Bites a person on two (2) or more occasions or on the first bite causes serious injury or death; or
  2. Has attacked domestic animals on two (2) or more occasions; or
  3. Was previously determined to be “dangerous” and has been found running at large two (2) or more times.
  4. An animal shall not be deemed vicious if:
  5. It bites or attacks anyone assaulting the owner, a trespasser on the property of the owner, or any person or other animal who has tormented or abused it; or
  6. It is acting in defense of an attack from a person or other animal upon the owner or other person; or
  7. It is a dog or other animal used by the police department or other law enforcement agency.

WILD ANIMALS: Animals, feral or not, native or not, generally living in a state of nature including, but not limited to, deer, elk, turkeys, ducks, geese, bears, mountain lions, lynx, bobcats, feral cats and other animals classified by the state of Idaho as wildlife. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Policies and Procedures

The police chief will establish and update, from time to time, written policies and procedures which implement the provisions of this title. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Powers and Duties

The police chief will employ and designate those persons within the police department who will perform the duties of animal control officers. Animal control officers are authorized to enforce the provisions of this title in all respects, including, but not limited to:

  1. The apprehension and impoundment of animals found in violation of this title; and
  2. Issuance of citations and/or notices of violation for any violations of this title. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Right of Entry for Enforcement

Any animal control officer is authorized to secure or take possession of any animal, in the presence and plain view of the officer, which is reasonably believed by such officer to be in violation of this title. Nothing in this section shall be interpreted to prohibit any animal control officer from entering property when otherwise authorized by law. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Interfering with Officers

It is unlawful for any person to knowingly and intentionally interfere with any animal control officer in the lawful discharge of his/her duties established by this title. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Fees Set by Resolution

All fees, civil penalties and/or deposits authorized by this title will be established by resolution of the city council. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Licensing

License Requirement and Fees

  1. All dogs must be licensed except:
  2. Dogs quartered in a pet shop or shelter and held for resale or adoption;
  3. Dogs whose owners are temporarily (up to 30 days) within the city if the dog’s owner can produce evidence that the dog is currently licensed in another jurisdiction;
  4. Dogs under the age of six (6) months.

License applications must be submitted to the city clerk or his or her designee utilizing a standard form which requests name, address, and telephone number of the applicant; breed, sex, color of the dog, and length of permit sought (up to 3 years). The application must be accompanied by the established license fee, a rabies vaccination certificate that will be valid for the full term of the license and meets the requirements of section 6.15.150of this title, and proof of sterilization if the applicant wants to license the dog as sterilized. A fee will not be charged for licensing a dog trained and used to assist government officials in the performance of their duties that is owned by the government agency.

The license will be valid for up to three (3) years from the date of purchase, after which a citation for failing to obtain a license may be imposed. (Ord. 3447, 2012)

License Tag

  1. Upon receipt of a complete application and payment of the license fee, a certificate and tag will be issued for each dog licensed. The tag will be stamped with the license number on the certificate. The owner must attach the tag to the collar or harness of the dog and see that the collar and tag are constantly worn by the dog when it is off the owner’s real property.
  2. License tags are not transferable from one dog to another or from one owner to another. No refunds will be made on any license fee for any reason whatsoever. Replacement tags may be obtained upon payment of the established fee.
  3. Removing or causing the removal of a collar, harness, or tag from any licensed dog without the consent of the owner or keeper of the dog is prohibited, except by:
  4. A licensed veterinarian or employee of a veterinary hospital or clinic who removes the tag for medical reasons; or
  5. An animal control officer who removes the tag as part of his or her official duties.
  6. Any dog found running at large without a valid tag will be presumptively considered unlicensed unless the owner or custodian can provide proof of a current valid license. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Possession, Care & Quartering of Animals

Animals Disturbing Neighborhood

It is unlawful for any person to keep or harbor any animal which by loud, continued or frequent barking, howling, yelping, meowing, screeching, crowing or other noise, or by noxious or offensive odors endangers the health and welfare or disturbs the peace and comfort of any reasonable person or neighborhood. The provisions of this section do not apply to:

  1. The animal control impound facility; or
  2. Veterinary hospitals. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Animals Running at Large

It is unlawful for the owner or custodian of any animal, except domestic cats, to allow such animal to run at large. The owner or person charged with responsibility for an animal found running at large shall be strictly liable for a violation of this section regardless of the precautions taken to prevent the escape of the animal and regardless of whether or not he/she knows that the animal is running at large. Animals are considered running at large if they:

  1. Leave their residential property unrestrained on a leash no longer than ten feet (10′) in length, of sufficient strength to restrain the animal, and in control of a person of sufficient age and physically able to restrain and control such animal;
  2. Are allowed to trespass upon the property of another by way of damage or destruction of a mutual fence line;
  3. Are left unattended in a vehicle in a manner that allows any part of the animal to hinder the public’s use of or access to any place that the public may lawfully be;
  4. Are herded on or across city property without city approval; or
  5. Are chained, staked out, or otherwise tethered on or attached to any public property, sign, or structure or in a manner that allows the animal to go beyond the owner’s property line or onto public right of way. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Willfully Abandon or Turn Loose

It is unlawful for any person to abandon, place at large or turn loose any animal for any reason, including inability to care for, refusal to maintain, disease, old age, or injury. Persons having possession of such animals are responsible for placing the animal in the care of another person capable of maintaining and caring for the animal or having the animal humanely euthanized. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Cruelty to Animals Prohibited

In addition to those acts prohibited by Idaho state code, the following activities are also prohibited:

  1. Chaining, staking or tethering any animal in a manner that may cause physical injury or death to the animal.
  2. Using any equipment, device, substance or material on any animal that will or could cause physical injury or death to the animal or cause unnecessary cruelty to the animal.
  3. Quartering animals which are natural enemies or are otherwise incompatible together or so near each other as to cause injury, fear or torment.
  4. Teasing, tormenting, physically abusing, or provoking an animal with the intent to harass or cause injury.
  5. Tranquilizing an animal except under the direction and supervision of a licensed veterinarian or by an animal control or other officer in the performance of official duties. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Care and Quartering of Animals

  1. All animals shall be supplied with sufficient nutritious food and clean water as often as the feeding habits of the respective animals require, but not less than two (2) times every twenty four (24) hours in the case of juveniles and once every twenty four (24) hours for adults.
  2. Adequate shelter from the weather shall be provided each animal.
  3. All animals and animal enclosures shall be maintained in a clean, sanitary state of good repair to protect the animals from injury. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Animals Attacking, Biting, or Chasing

  1. It is unlawful for the owner or custodian of any animal to allow the animal to attack, bite, or chase any person or domesticated animal or wild animal.
  2. The injuring, capturing, or killing of an animal by any person while the animal is engaged in any act prohibited by this title, if reasonably necessary to stop the animal’s actions, shall not be a violation of any other provision of this chapter, provided such injuring, capturing, or killing in no way endangers another’s safety or property or violates any provision of federal, state or city law or code. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Vaccinations

  1. Rabies vaccination is required for all dogs within thirty (30) days of when the dog:
  2. Reaches the age of three (3) months;
  3. Is acquired or brought into the city if over three (3) months old; or
  4. The expiration of the most recent vaccination.This provision shall not apply to veterinarian or kennel operators temporarily maintaining on their premises animals owned by others.

Each veterinarian, when vaccinating any animal for rabies, shall complete a certificate of rabies vaccination (in duplicate) which includes the following information:

  1. Owner’s name and address;
  2. A description of animal (breed, sex, markings, age, name);
  3. The date of vaccination;
  4. The rabies vaccination tag number;
  5. The type of rabies vaccine administered; and
  6. The manufacturer’s serial number of vaccine.A copy of the certificate shall be distributed to the owner and the original retained by the issuing veterinarian. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Quarantine

Any domestic animal, without proof of a current rabies vaccination, that is known to have bitten a person must be placed in strict quarantine for veterinary observation for a period of not less than ten (10) days, which shall be determined from the date the bite occurred.

An animal that has rabies or shows signs of having rabies, and every animal bitten by another animal afflicted with rabies or that is known to have been exposed to rabies, must be placed in strict quarantine for veterinary observation in a manner that securely segregates the animal from other animals or humans for a period not less than six (6) months.

The animal control impound facility or a veterinary hospital will be the normal place for quarantine, however, the police chief, or designee, may approve other quarantine arrangements, including confinement by the owner, if the police chief or designee, following an inspection, determines:

  1. That the animal will be securely and humanely housed during the term of the quarantine;
  2. The animal will be segregated to prevent exposure of other animals or humans; and
  3. The public will be adequately protected.
  4. A person who has custody of an animal under quarantine shall immediately notify the police chief if the animal shows any signs of sickness or abnormal behavior, dies, or if the animal escapes confinement.
  5. It is unlawful for any person who has custody of a quarantined animal to fail or refuse to allow a health or animal control officer to make an inspection or examination of the animal or the quarantine area during the period of quarantine.
  6. It is unlawful for any person to remove any animal from the place of quarantine without the written permission of the police chief.
  7. The cost of quarantining an animal must be paid in advance by the owner or custodian of the animal otherwise the animal will be euthanized. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Duty to Report Bites

Any owner or custodian of an animal of a species subject to rabies having knowledge that the animal has bitten any person or another animal or that the owner’s animal was bitten by an animal of a species subject to rabies shall report the incident immediately to an animal control officer, giving the name and address of the person bitten, or whose animal was bitten, and of the owner or custodian of the biting animal, if available. Failure to provide such information or otherwise assist the city in discovering possible exposure to rabies or in ascertaining the immunization status of an animal is a violation of this chapter. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Reporting Injury or Death of Animals

The operator of a motor vehicle, other than an emergency vehicle, that strikes and injures any domestic animal shall immediately stop the vehicle at the scene of the accident and notify the owner of the animal of the accident or report it to animal control if the owner cannot be determined.

Any person who injures or causes the death of an animal shall immediately notify the owner of the animal or report it to animal control if the owner cannot be determined. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Dangerous Animals

Authority to Impound or Destroy Animals Posing an Immediate Threat

Animal control officers are authorized to impound or destroy, if necessary, any animal that the officer reasonably believes is about to attack or is attacking a person or domestic animal or otherwise poses an immediate threat to public health or safety. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Authority to Classify and Impound Aggressive, Dangerous or Vicious Dogs

Animal control officers are authorized to declare dogs as aggressive, dangerous or vicious. In determining whether a dog is aggressive, dangerous or vicious, the animal control officer will be guided by the following:

  1. Whether the dog meets the definition of aggressive, dangerous or vicious;
  2. Whether the dog has displayed threatening behavior at other times;
  3. Whether the dog has caused physical injury at other times;
  4. The circumstances surrounding the incident;
  5. The officer’s observations and reports about the dog’s upbringing, training, and the owner’s or custodian’s control of the dog; and
  6. Any other information relevant to a reasonable determination the dog poses a potential threat to public health or safety.

At the time of declaring the dog aggressive, dangerous or vicious the animal control officer must impound the animal, at the owner’s expense, if the dog:

  1. Is declared vicious;
  2. Is running at large; or
  3. Cannot be housed and maintained by the owner or custodian as required by this chapter.

The animal control officer will make reasonable attempts to contact the owner or custodian of any dog declared aggressive, dangerous or vicious, and provide written notification of the declaration along with the requirements for keeping such dogs. The owner or custodian of the dog at the time of written notification may elect to:

  1. Appeal the declaration by requesting a hearing as allowed by chapter 6.35of this title;
  2. Accept the declaration, and if the dog was declared aggressive or dangerous, agree to meet the requirements for keeping the dog set out in this chapter; or
  3. Surrender and quitclaim the dog to the city.

It is unlawful for the owner or custodian of any dog declared aggressive, dangerous or vicious to keep or maintain such dog contrary to the provisions of this chapter.

An impounded dog that has been declared aggressive, dangerous or vicious will be held for ten (10) business days before disposal as authorized by chapter 6.25of this title unless:

  1. The declaration has been appealed and the owner or custodian has paid any incurred veterinary and other costs and impound fees and has prepaid impound fees through the date of the hearing; or
  2. The owner or custodian of a dog declared aggressive or dangerous has contacted animal control, paid any incurred impound fees and veterinary and other costs, and prepaid any additional expected impound fees and made arrangements to redeem the dog within an additional fourteen (14) days. To redeem the dog, the owner or custodian must provide proof that they can house and maintain the dog as required by this chapter.

Any person may request, in writing, that a dog be declared aggressive, dangerous or vicious. Complaining parties must be forthcoming with their testimony including the signing of a witness statement or citation or providing sworn testimony. All written complaints will be investigated and both complaining party and the dog’s owner or custodian will be advised of the outcome of the investigation. (Ord. 3388 §2, 2010)

Aggressive Dogs

  1. All dogs declared aggressive must be quartered and/or restrained as follows:
  2. All or a portion of the owner or custodian’s property must be fenced with a fence of sufficient strength and height to prevent the dog from leaving the enclosed area. The dog must not be allowed into unfenced areas of the property without being restrained as provided in subsection A4 of this section;
  3. The aggressive dog must be humanely confined in a secure enclosure, such as a home or a kennel inside the required fence. The secure enclosure may not share common fencing with the required fence or interfere with the public’s legal access to the property and must be of sufficient strength and height to keep the dog within the enclosure;
  4. Under no circumstances may an aggressive dog be left unattended on a chain, cable, trolley or other tether;
  5. The owner or custodian shall not allow the aggressive dog to be off the owner’s or custodian’s property unless the dog is accompanied by a responsible adult and muzzled in such a manner as to prevent it from biting or injuring any person, and restrained by a leash of adequate strength to control the dog; and
  6. The owner or custodian of an aggressive dog must place a sign in a prominent place that is visible from the street or sidewalk on the owner’s or custodian’s property indicating that there is an aggressive dog on the property. A similar sign must be posted on the dog’s secure enclosure.

In addition to the quartering and restraint requirements the owner or custodian must:

  1. Immediately notify animal control if the dog is running at large or has attacked a person or domestic animal; and
  2. Notify animal control within three (3) days if the dog is moved to a different address or if the dog has a new owner or custodian. The name, address and telephone number of the new owner/custodian must also be provided.

If the animal control officer is informed or finds that the owner or custodian of the aggressive dog has violated any of the duties and responsibilities placed upon the owner or custodian, the animal control officer may, after written notice mailed, return receipt requested, or personal service, impose additional restrictions on the owner or custodian of the dog including:

  1. Attendance at responsible ownership and/or dog management/training classes; and/or
  2. Sterilization of the animal; and/or
  3. Purchase of a general liability insurance policy of at least five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000.00) insuring the owner or custodian for any damage or personal injury which may be caused by the dog, which names the city as an additional insured. The policy must provide thirty (30) day advance notice to the city prior to lapse or cancellation; and/or
  4. Additional requirements as to the size, construction and design of the secure enclosure, including, but not limited to, requiring a double security gate or concrete floor; and/or
  5. Forfeiture of the dog.

The owner or custodian may appeal any additional restrictions placed on the dog by following the requirements contained in chapter 6.35of this title.

An owner or custodian may request that the declaration of aggressiveness be removed after two (2) years without incident if:

  1. The animal has been sterilized; and
  2. The owner or custodian and the dog have satisfactorily completed an approved pet ownership and/or animal management/training program. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Dangerous Dogs

  1. All dogs declared dangerous must be quartered and/or restrained as follows:
  2. All or a portion of the owner or custodian’s property must be fenced with a fence of sufficient strength and height to prevent the dog from leaving the enclosed area. The fence must have a double security gate. The dog must not be allowed into unfenced areas of the property without being restrained as provided in subsection A4 of this section;
  3. The dangerous dog must be humanely confined in a secure enclosure, such as a home or a kennel inside the required fence. The secure enclosure may not share common fencing with the required fence or interfere with the public’s legal access to the property and must be of sufficient strength and height to keep the dog within the enclosure. An outside secure enclosure shall be a minimum of five feet (5′) wide, ten feet (10′) long and five feet (5′) in height above grade, and with a horizontal top covering the entire enclosure, all to be at least 9-gauge chainlink fencing with necessary steel supporting posts. To prevent escape of the dog, the floor shall be at least three inches (3″) of poured concrete with the bottom edge of said fencing imbedded in the concrete or extending at least one foot (1′) below grade. The gate must be of the same material as the fencing, fit closely and be securely locked. The enclosure must provide protection from the elements for the dog;
  4. Under no circumstances may a dangerous dog be left unattended on a chain, cable, trolley or other tether;
  5. The owner or custodian shall not allow the dangerous dog to be off the owner’s or custodian’s property unless the dog is accompanied by a responsible adult and muzzled in such a manner as to prevent it from biting or injuring any person, and restrained by a leash of adequate strength to control the dog; and

The owner or custodian of a dangerous dog must place a sign in a prominent place that is visible from the street or sidewalk on the owner’s or custodian’s property indicating that there is a dangerous dog on the property. A similar sign must be posted on the dog’s secure enclosure.

  1. In addition to the quartering and restraint requirements the owner or custodian must:
  2. Have the dog sterilized, photographed and microchipped or tattooed to identify it as a dangerous dog within seven (7) days of the final declaration;
  3. Attend an approved responsible ownership and/or dog management/training course with the dog within sixty (60) days of the final determination of dangerousness;
  4. Immediately notify animal control if the dog is running at large or has attacked a person or domestic animal;
  5. Notify animal control within three (3) days if the dog is moved to a different address or if the dog has a new owner or custodian. The name, address and telephone number of the new owner/custodian must also be provided; and
  6. Allow animal control officers to inspect the dog and its enclosure upon request and produce, upon request, proof of compliance with all restrictions and conditions placed upon the owner and/or custodian of the dog.

If the animal control officer is informed or finds that the owner or custodian of the dangerous dog has violated any of the duties and responsibilities placed upon the owner or custodian, the animal control officer may, after written notice mailed, return receipt requested, or personal service, impose additional restrictions on the owner or custodian of the dog including:

  1. Purchase of a general liability insurance policy of at least five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000.00) insuring the owner or custodian for any damage or personal injury which may be caused by the dog, which names the city as an additional insured. The policy must provide thirty (30) day advance notice to the city prior to lapse or cancellation; and/or
  2. Additional requirements as to the size, construction and design of the secure enclosure, or required fencing; and/or
  3. Forfeiture of the dog.The owner or custodian may appeal any additional restrictions placed on the dog by following the requirements contained in chapter 6.35of this title. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Vicious Dogs

It is unlawful for any person to own, keep, possess, or maintain a dog within the city limits that has been declared vicious under this title or under similar provisions in any other jurisdiction.

Upon a final determination that the dog is vicious, the owner or custodian must:

  1. Provide the city with the name, address and telephone number of the place where the dog will be quartered so that the city can notify the appropriate jurisdiction that a vicious dog has moved into their area;
  2. Pay any accrued costs and fees including the cost of having the dog microchipped and/or tattooed with identifying marks; and
  3. Immediately remove the dog from the city.

If arrangements have not been made to pay any accrued costs and fees and move the dog within five (5) business days after the final determination of viciousness, the dog will be euthanized.

Any dog found running at large that has previously been declared vicious will be euthanized upon a final determination that the dog found running at large is the dog that was declared vicious. The presence of a microchip or an identifying tattoo will be conclusive proof that the dog was previously declared vicious. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Impoundment

Authority; Applicable Animals

Except as otherwise provided by this chapter or other applicable law, animal control officers shall place animals taken into custody in the designated animal control impound facility.

The following animals may be taken into custody and impounded:

  1. Any animal running at large contrary to the provisions of chapter 6.15of this title;
  2. Any animal which is required to be licensed and is not licensed or wearing a tag;
  3. Any abandoned or stray animal;
  4. Animals which are not vaccinated for rabies in accordance with the requirements of chapter 6.15of this title;
  5. Any aggressive, dangerous or vicious animal kept contrary to the provisions of chapter 6.20of this title; and
  6. Any other animal being kept or maintained contrary to the provisions of this title. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Notice to Owner

Not later than one day after the impounding of any animal, the owner shall be notified, if known, by telephone or by mail, or if the owner of the animal is unknown, written notice shall be posted at the police station, describing the dog and the place and time of taking. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Information Required

The following information will be kept on all impounded animals:

  1. A complete description of the animal, including tag numbers if any;
  2. The manner and date of impound;
  3. The location of the pick up and name of the officer picking up the animal;
  4. The name and address of any person relinquishing an animal to the impound facility;
  5. The name and address of the person redeeming the dog and the date thereof;
  6. All applicable violations of this title;
  7. All applicable fees and penalties;
  8. All expenses accrued during impoundment;
  9. The date and manner of disposition including the name of the person adopting the animal if applicable;
  10. If licensed, the name and address of the owner of the animal and the license number. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Redemption

The owner of any impounded animal, or a person over the age of eighteen (18) who has provided reasonable evidence that they are the owner’s agent, may reclaim the animal upon payment of the following:

  1. The impound fees;
  2. The daily board charges;
  3. Veterinary costs and any other costs incurred during the impound period;
  4. License fees, if required; and
  5. All accrued civil penalties for the animal that were not appealed. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Period of Impound

  1. Impounded animals will be held for five (5) business days from the date of notice to the owner or posting of notice before being euthanized, placed for adoption or otherwise disposed of unless earlier relinquished by the owner or custodian, except:
  2. Any animal that appears to be infected with rabies or other infectious or dangerous diseases or is seriously injured will be immediately euthanized. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Enforcement, Penalties and Appeals

Criminal Violations

Except as provided by section 6.35.020 of this chapter, any person violating any of the provisions of this title is guilty of:

  1. An infraction punishable by a fine not to exceed one hundred dollars ($100.00) for violations of section 6.15.080of this title (animals at large).
  2. Any other violation of this title is a misdemeanor punishable as provided in section 1.28.010of this code. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Civil Penalties for Violations

  1. Violations of this title are subject to a civil penalty, which is payable at the city cashier’s office within thirty (30) days of receipt of the civil citation. Any animal control officer observing a violation or determining that a violation occurred shall issue a citation describing the violation and the civil penalty assessed for the violation to the person guilty of the violation.
  2. The members of the police department or other designees of the city are authorized to refrain from instituting a prosecution charging the person with a misdemeanor under this chapter if such person pays the assessed civil penalty within thirty (30) days of the violation.
  3. For the purposes of subsection 6.35.030C of this chapter, payment of any civil penalty will be considered a conviction. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

General Penalty Provisions

Each day any violation of this title is committed or permitted to continue constitutes a separate offense.

Surrender or transfer of an animal does not avoid the consequences of past actions, including any violations of this title.

Any person who is convicted of excessive violations as listed below is prohibited from owning, keeping or maintaining any domestic animals within the city limits for a period of two (2) years. Any animal found in possession of such person during the term of probation shall be confiscated and impounded.

  1. Four (4) or more violations of animals at large within any twelve (12) month period;
  2. Three (3) or more violations of animals disturbing the neighborhood within any twelve (12) month period;
  3. Three (3) or more violations of any provisions governing aggressive, dangerous or vicious animals;
  4. Two (2) or more violations of failing to obtain a kennel or pet shop license within any two (2) year period; or
  5. Two (2) or more violations for cruelty to animals at any time. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Appealable Matters

  1. The following matters arising under this title may be appealed to the animal control hearing officer:
  2. A declaration that an animal is aggressive, dangerous or vicious under chapter 6.20of this title;
  3. A decision by animal control placing additional restrictions on an animal previously declared aggressive or dangerous under chapter 6.20of this title; or
  4. The decision that an animal found running at large was previously declared vicious under chapter 6.20of this title.

The following matters arising under this title may be appealed to the city council:

  1. The revocation or denial of a kennel or pet shop license under chapter 6.30of this title. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Standing

The following persons have standing to appeal decisions regarding appealable matters:

  1. An applicant for a license or a licensee may appeal a decision denying or revoking the license;
  2. The owner or custodian of an animal declared aggressive, dangerous or vicious;
  3. The owner or custodian of an animal that has previously been declared aggressive or dangerous that has been placed under additional restrictions pursuant to chapter 6.20of this title; and
  4. The owner or custodian of an animal found running at large that was previously declared vicious. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Filing of Appeal

Any person with standing may appeal from an appealable decision. Any appeal must be in writing and received by the city clerk’s office within ten (10) business days of the decision from which the appeal is taken. If mailed, the decision shall be deemed received five (5) calendar days after the date of mailing.

The written appeal must include the mailing address of the appellant and describe in detail:

  1. The decision appealed from;
  2. The factual or legal error or errors made in the decision;
  3. The relief being sought;
  4. The evidence and arguments supporting the relief being sought; and
  5. Whether a hearing is requested.

In order to file the appeal, the processing fee for the costs of processing the appeal must be paid or the person requesting the appeal must sign a sworn statement indicating that they cannot afford the processing fee. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Hearing

If a hearing is requested, a hearing will be scheduled as soon as reasonably possible, but not earlier than five (5) days nor more than thirty (30) days from the date the appeal was received, unless the appealing party agrees to another date.

Notice may be provided to the appellant in person, by United States mail to the address provided by the appellant, or personally on any agent or employee of the appellant’s business if the appellant is a business entity. Notice will be served personally on the appellant if the hearing is scheduled five (5) days or less from the date of service.

At the hearing, the hearing body will allow the appellant, animal control, and the owner of the animal, if any, or their representatives to present and rebut testimony and other evidence and argument relevant to the decision under appeal. The mayor or chairperson of the hearing body may establish time limits and procedural standards for presentation of any appeal.

The hearing body will conduct the hearing in an orderly and timely manner and will rule on all issues that arise during the course of the hearing.

No party to the appeal will have any ex parte communications with any member of the hearing body about the subject matter of the appeal. Any ex parte communications must be disclosed to allow the other party an opportunity to rebut the contents of the ex parte communication.

The hearing body will issue an order affirming or overturning the decision appealed from within fifteen (15) days of the filing of the appeal or the date of the hearing if one was held. The order will be in writing and contain:

  1. A summary of the evidence contained in the appeal record;
  2. A reasoned statement, based on the evidence received, explaining and supporting the decision by the hearing body.All parties to the appeal will be provided with a copy of the order.

The decision of the hearing body is final. (Ord. 3383 §2, 2010)

Contact a Dog Bite Lawyer in Spokane, WA Today

Call a Spokane attorney for a dog attack if you’ve been injured. Parke Gordon Law Firm offers a free consultation. Take this opportunity to speak to an experienced dog bite attorney from our law firm about your dog bite case over the phone or in person. We can usually tell you over the phone if you have a good case. Our attorneys will fight for you or your child to get fair compensation from a negligent dog owner. You pay nothing until your case settles. Call (509) 482-7274 now for a free consultation to discuss your dog bite case.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spokane, Washington Law Office

Our Spokane, Washington law firm services clients in and surrounding Spokane, including for injuries and accidents in Spokane Valley and injuries and accidents in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho. Visit or call our Spokane law firm today. Parke Gordon LLC 421 W Riverside, Suite 256 Spokane, WA 99201 Phone:(509) 482-7274

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Dog Bite Statute in Washington

Dog Bite Statute in Washington

Dog Bite Statute in WashingtonCan the victim of a dog bite sue the dog owner in the state of Washington? Know the personal injury liability rules and defenses regarding dog bites in the dog bite statute for the state of Washington below.

Dog Bite Statue in Washington

The state of Washington’s dog bite statute, Revised Code of Washington section 16.08.040, states a dog owner is liable for dog bite injuries their dog inflicted if:

  • the dog bite occurred in a public place or lawfully in or on a private place including the property of the dog owner.
  • the dog owner knew of the dog’s viciousness.
  • the injured person did not provoke the dog.

A dog bite injury attorney from Parke Gordon Law Firm will be happy to assist you in your dog bite claim. Our experienced dog bite lawyers can help you understand the statue of limitations in Washington. Simply put, a statute of limitations is a law that governs the amount of time you have to make a claim and bring a case to court after you have suffered a dog bite injury. Deadlines for such claims vary by state but range from one to six years after the injury occurred. Typically, the time limit is two to three years. Check with our dog bite personal injury attorneys to know for sure about your particular case. It is important to never wait too long to hire a Spokane dog bite lawyer after a dog bite due to these time restrictions.

Washington Strict Liability for Dog Bites

Washington State has strict liability when it comes to dog bites. This means that a dog owner is liable the first time his or her dog bites, even if the owner had no prior knowledge that the dog might bite someone.

Approximately half of all U.S. states follow a strict liability rule for dog bites. Other states follow a “one bite” rule. The “one bite” rule states that a dog owner must know or have reason to know that the dog is dangerous before he or she can be held liable for dog bite damages. The most common way to prove this knowledge is to show the owner knew the dog had bitten someone in the past.

Washington State Dog Bite Defense Claims

If you are a dog owner facing a dog bite lawsuit in Washington, there are two commonly-used defenses you should know about.

1. Provocation

If the dog owner can prove that the dog attacked because he or she was being provoked before biting, the dog owner will not be held liable for damages. For example, if a child is hurting the dog by poking it with a stick so the dog attacks to protect his or her self. The owner of the dog would not be held liable if they have enough witnesses stating that the child was provoking the dog.

2. Trespassing

If a dog owner argues that his or her dog attacked and bit someone because they were trespassing on the owner’s property, the dog owner would not be held liable for damages. A person who is trespassing is someone on private property unlawfully or without a specific duty such as delivering a package. Homeowner liability for trespasser injuries is limited in several ways including for dog bites under Washington State dog bite laws.

Contact a Dog Bite Lawyer in Spokane, WA Today

Call a Spokane attorney for a dog attack if you’ve been injured. Parke Gordon Law Firm offers a free consultation. Take this opportunity to speak to an experienced dog bite attorney from our law firm about your dog bite case over the phone or in person. We can usually tell you over the phone if you have a good case. Our attorneys will fight for you or your child to get fair compensation from a negligent dog owner. You pay nothing until your case settles. Call (509) 482-7274 now for a free consultation to discuss your dog bite case.

Spokane, Washington Law Office

Our Spokane, Washington law firm services clients in and surrounding Spokane, including for injuries and accidents in Spokane Valley and injuries and accidents in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho. Visit or call our Spokane law firm today. Parke Gordon LLC 421 W Riverside, Suite 256 Spokane, WA 99201 Phone:(509) 482-7274

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Know How to Help Your Teen Avoid a Car Accident

Know How to Help Your Teen Avoid a Car Accident

Know How to Help Your Teen Avoid a Car AccidentCar Accident Statistics for Teen Drivers

Car accidents are the leading cause of death for teens age 15 to 20. When a teenager is driving other teens, their risk of being involved in a fatal car accident doubles. Each year, drivers under the age of 18 are involved in 900,000 car accidents. Why? Teens typically underestimate or are unable to recognize hazardous driving conditions. Drivers between the age of 16 and 17 are nearly nine times more likely to be in a car accident than middle-aged drivers. Forty percent of teen car accidents occur at night, usually before midnight.  These are scary statistics for parents of teen drivers. The following are some tips for how to help your teen avoid a car accident.

How to Help Your Teen Avoid a Car Accident

Practice Driving

The more time your teenager practices driving the better decisions they’ll be able to make on the road. In fact, a new driver’s car accident risk is three times that of a driver with experience.

Parent Sets Rules

Teen drivers who have parents that are involved are twice as likely to wear a seat belt. Before your teen receives a driver’s license, you should set clear and specific rules that are fair. Discuss the details of their driving restrictions and agree on what is discussed. Clear communication will help everyone understand what is expected.

Create a Driving Contract

After discussing your teen’s driving rules, create a driving agreement you both sign. You may want to also chart their progress, update the rules, and agree on car schedules. Then, keep the contract posted on an easily accessible place such as the refrigerator.

No Passengers

One of the main causes of car accidents are distractions. Other passengers, especially other teens, can be a huge distraction for new drivers. In fact, studies show each additional passenger in the car increases the likelihood of an accident.

No Distracted Driving (i.e. Texting)

11 teens are killed everyday as a result of texting and driving. Texting while driving is one of the most common causes of accidents, yet can be easily preventable. Take time to educate your teen about the dangers of texting and driving. You can also encourage them to take a pledge to never text and drive.

Driver’s Education

Driver’s Ed is essential for every new driver. Knowing and understanding the laws and regulations of driving in your state will greatly help your teen to be a better driver and lower their risk of being involved in a car accident.

Hire a Driving Instructor

Along with driver’s ed, it is also a great idea to hire a professional driving instructor for your teen. A professional driving instructor has certified experience as well as other resources at their disposal that could greatly help your teen’s driving ability.

Spokane Car Accident Attorneys

Looking for car accident attorneys and auto accident lawyers in Spokane, Washington? Our Spokane car accident lawyers at Parke Gordon Law Firm have years of experience representing car crash clients in Spokane and obtaining impressive money settlements quickly. Speak to an experienced auto accident attorney at our Spokane law office today during a free case review. This is your opportunity to discuss your case with an experienced, trusted and knowledgeable attorney for free. Call (509) 482-7274 now to get started on your car accident case with an experienced car crash lawyer in Spokane.

Spokane, Washington Law Office

Our Spokane, Washington law firm services clients in and surrounding Spokane, including for injuries and accidents in Spokane Valley and injuries and accidents in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho. Visit or call our Spokane law firm today. Parke Gordon LLC 421 W Riverside, Suite 256 Spokane, WA 99201 Phone:(509) 482-7274

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5 Benefits of Hiring a Dog Bite Lawyer

5 Benefits of Hiring a Dog Bite Lawyer

5 Benefits of Hiring a Dog Bite LawyerAfter being bitten by a dog, you may be wondering the benefits of hiring a dog bite lawyer. Severe dog bites that require immediate medical attention often benefit from the services of an experienced dog bite lawyer. A dog bite lawyer from Parke Gordon Law Firm, will understand how to get the most compensation for the injury victim by understanding dog bite laws in Washington. Our dog bite lawyers also know how to negotiate and assist in filing a claim against the negligent dog owner.

If you have been injured by a dog bite, contact Parke Gordon Law Firm for a free consultation to discuss your case. We can help you through the process of holding the dog owner accountable. The experienced and aggressive dog bite lawyers of Parke Gordon Law Firm work on a contingency fee. That means there are no upfront costs until we win your case. The following are five benefits of hiring a dog bite lawyer from Parke Gordon Law Firm.

1. Knowledge of Washington Dog Bite Laws

The state of Washington’s dog bite statute, Revised Code of Washington section 16.08.040, states a dog owner is liable for dog bite injuries their dog inflicted if:

  • the dog bite occurred in a public place or lawfully in or on a private place including the property of the dog owner.
  • the dog owner knew of the dog’s viciousness.
  • the injured person did not provoke the dog.

A dog bite injury attorney from Parke Gordon Law Firm will be happy to assist you in your dog bite claim. Our experienced dog bite lawyers can help you understand the statue of limitations in Washington. Simply put, a statute of limitations is a law that governs the amount of time you have to make a claim and bring a case to court after you have suffered a dog bite injury. Deadlines for such claims vary by state but range from one to six years after the injury occurred. Typically, the time limit is two to three years. Check with our dog bite personal injury attorneys to know for sure about your particular case. It is important to never wait too long to hire a Spokane dog bite lawyer after a dog bite due to these time restrictions.

2. Skilled and Aggressive

The skilled and aggressive dog bite lawyers of Parke Gordon Law Firm will fight for every penny you deserve. We know how to deal with the insurance companies to get you the best settlement possible. When the negligent dog owner or their insurance company offers you less than a reasonable offer, you do not have to accept. A lawyer can review the offer and convey the severity of the injuries and damages incurred from the dog bite to get you more money, faster.

3. Professional and Experienced Dog Bite Lawyers

Attempting to settle a dog bite case on your own is a mistake. The professional and experienced dog bite lawyers of Parke Gordon Law Firm have the field experience needed to negotiate the best settlement for your dog bite case. When our attorneys take on a dog bite case, they communicate with the insurance carrier so you don’t have to. Taking on the case yourself will likely end in a lower settlement amount.

4. Access to Valuable Resources

Hiring a dog bite lawyer gives you valuable resources through a team that will contribute to your case. Our team will research and investigate the case to gather evidence that could get more money for your case. We will determine the dog owner’s negligence and prove you deserve more for your injuries. There is no need to feel you are alone in proving your case.

5. Your Own Personal Injury Lawyer

With legal experts on your side, you can beat Goliath. Our attorneys will work on your behalf to fight for the maximum compensation you are entitled to. We will take the stress out of your dog bite case. A dog bite lawyer will help to determine the extent of the at-fault party’s liability, as well as whether any other parties share responsibility. Other responsible parties may include:

  • Landlords who know of the dangerous animal.
  • Parents of minors when the dog is owned by someone under the age of 18.
  • Property owners
  • Anyone involved in the care or upkeep of the animal such as dog watchers, shelter services or a pound.

Contact a Dog Bite Lawyer in Spokane, WA Today

Call a Spokane attorney for a dog attack if you’ve been injured. Parke Gordon Law Firm offers a free consultation. Take this opportunity to speak to an experienced dog bite attorney from our law firm about your dog bite case over the phone or in person. We can usually tell you over the phone if you have a good case. Our attorneys will fight for you or your child to get fair compensation from a negligent dog owner. You pay nothing until your case settles. Call (509) 482-7274 now for a free consultation to discuss your dog bite case.

Spokane, Washington Law Office

Our Spokane, Washington law firm services clients in and surrounding Spokane, including for injuries and accidents in Spokane Valley and injuries and accidents in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho. Visit or call our Spokane law firm today. Parke Gordon LLC 421 W Riverside, Suite 256 Spokane, WA 99201 Phone:(509) 482-7274

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Semi-truck Accident Leads to Multiple Accidents Due to Icy Conditions

Semi-truck Accident Leads to Multiple Accidents Due to Icy Conditions

Semi-truck Accident Leads to Multiple Accidents Due to Icy ConditionsA semi-truck rollover lead to multiple accidents due to icy conditions on I-90 west of Ritzville. The semi-truck rolled blocking both lanes of eastbound traffic on I-90. Due to the backup, multiple other collisions occurred according to Washington State Police. Those collisions led to a probable hazmat fuel leak of about 150 gallons of diesel, Washington State Police said. Traffic was blocked for a few hours as crews worked to clear the accidents. This is a good reminder to slow down and be cautious during winter months as the road may be icy.

8 Tips for Driving in Icy Conditions

  1. Drive with care. Even if roadways have been treated with sand or salt, drive with more caution.
  2. Leave more distance between you and the car in front of you. Leaving more space between vehicles allows for more time to stop when needed.
  3. Pass with caution. When you are overtaking a vehicle on icy roads, make sure you are able to pass safely.
  4. Watch out for snowplows that may through snow on either side of their truck. It is important to remember to not pass a snowplow unless the lane you intend to use to pass has been cleared.
  5. Be prepared for road conditions to change suddenly even in relatively short distances.
  6. Listen to the radio for updates on weather and road conditions before you leave.
  7. Drive at a slow pace in as high a gear as possible.
  8. Accelerate and brake gently. It may be a good idea to check your grip on the road surface when there is snow or ice by choosing a safe place to brake gently. If the steering feels unresponsive, this may indicate the roads are icy.

Car Accident Attorneys and Semi-truck Accident Lawyers in Spokane, WA

If you’ve been injured in a car accident or semi-truck accident, don’t wait to call a Spokane car accident lawyer. The experienced car accident attorneys and semi-truck accident lawyers at Parke Gordon Law Firm can take the stress out of a claim. We’ll fight to get you full value for your car accident injuries working on your case. Call (509) 482-7274 to speak with an experienced Spokane car accident lawyer during a free consultation.

Spokane, Washington Law Office

Our Spokane, Washington law firm services clients in and surrounding Spokane, including for injuries and accidents in Spokane Valley and injuries and accidents in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho. Visit or call our Spokane law firm today. Parke Gordon LLC 421 W Riverside, Suite 256 Spokane, WA 99201 Phone:(509) 482-7274

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